Abelia is indigenous in eastern Asia and Mexico, and comprises 30 more or less winter-hardy species.
This is a deciduous or evergreen shrub with slightly arching branches, oval or lanceolate, pointed, and tubular, often fragrant, white, or pink , usually in terminal clusters or panicles, sometimes growing in the axilla. A. chinensis is deciduous and not winter-hardy. It is up to 1.5 m tall, and flowers in July-August.
It has soft, hairyand fragrant, pale pink flowers. Abelia “Edward Goucher” is winter-hardy and flowers profusely from July-September. A. floribunda is a semi-evergreen, not winter-hardy shrub, 1.8 (-6) m tall, with oval, shiny green , 2-4 cm long, and purplish-red clusters of flowers, 3-5 cm long, on one-year-old shoots. A. x grandiflora, a cross of A. chinensis and A. uniflora, is a semi-evergreen shrub which is fully hardy in a sheltered spot, and grows 90-180 cm tall. It flowers from the end of July-October, has downy, hairy, reddish , short-stemmed, oval, pointed leaves, 2.5-5 cm long, and white to pale pink, slightly fragrant clusters of flowers; “Francis Mason” has pale green and yellow leaves, blotched with green.
A. schumannii is a deciduous shrub up to 1.5 m tall, which is not winter-hardy. It flowers from July-October, and has hairy, purple young stems and dark pink flowers. A. triflora is a deciduous shrub up to 4 m tall, which is moderately winter-hardy and flowers from May-June. It has bristly, hair)’ stems, oval, pointed leaves, and beautifully fragrant white flowers. This shrub requires a sheltered, warm, sunny or slightly shady spot and nutritious soil which is regularly fed with organic manure (and -mould). If necessary, cover in winter. Do not for the first few years, but prune back frozen branches, and remove dead wood (in spring). Propagate from (spring), summer and mature shoots in autumn.