All year round gardening

If you plan ahead and keep up with routine care, your garden will repay you by looking good all year. Gardener’s Calendar provides a season-by-season checklist of tasks such as planting, pruning and mowing.

Early Spring PERENNIALS

LIFT and divide established perennials.

SOW seeds in a frame or cold greenhouse.

FERTILIZE, weed and mulch beds.

PLANT new perennials when the soil is workable.

BULBS, CORMS AND TUBERS

DEADHEAD faded bulbs but leave foliage intact.

PLANT OUT finished indoor bulbs.

PLANT gladioli and montbretia corms.

LIFT and divide snowdrops after flowering.

REMOVE dead leaves on bearded iris; apply fertilizer.

START dahlias into growth.

CONTAINERS

PLANT containers and window boxes with polyanthus, pansies and bulbs in bud such as daffodils and hyacinths.

WATER and feed established container plants with a slow-release fertilizer at the first sign of growth.

REPOT or top dress container plants with a layer of fresh potting compost.

START begonia tubers under glass or indoors.

TREES, SHRUBS AND CLIMBERS

PRUNE winter-flowering shrubs and shrubs that flower in late summer.

HOE lightly and weed the surrounding area.

MULCH and apply a general fertilizer.

PLANT or transplant conifers.

ANNUALS AND BEDDING PLANTS

LAWN

FINISH preparing the ground for sowing hardy annuals such as sweet peas; sow two weeks later.

SOW half-hardy annuals under glass and prick out annuals sown last month.

PLANT polyanthus, forget-me-nots, double daisies and other hardy spring bedding plants.

PLANT OUT autumn-sown sweet peas.

SCATTER slug pellets if necessary.

TAKE CUTTINGS of pelargoniums, marguerites and fuchsias under glass.

ROSES

PRUNE bush, climbing and newly planted roses not yet pruned.

SPRAY branches and surrounding soil with a fungicide if necessary.

MULCH with garden compost or manure.

MOW with the blades set high once the grass starts growing and the ground is reasonably dry.

SCATTER any wormcasts and lightly rake.

SPIKE waterlogged lawn and brush sandy compost into the holes.

APPLY fertilizer.

HAND WEED – if necessary apply weedkiller.

SEF1D any worn patches and sow new lawn.

LAY turf and keep watered to prevent shrinkage.

FRUIT AND VEGETABLES

MULCH trees and bushes. SPRAY apple trees against pests if necessary. PLANT or divide and transplant rhubarb. SOW spinach, early peas, carrots, cabbages, cauliflowers, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, lettuce.

SOW under cloches onions, broad beans, parsnips, peas, radishes, lettuces, carrots.

PLANT early potatoes.

SCATTER slug pellets if necessary. Mid Spring

CONTAINERS

WATER

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