Amelanchier Juneberry

Amelanchier is mainly indigenous in the temperate regions of North America. There is one species in central and southern Europe (from Belgium: A. ovalis), and a number of species which grow wild in northern Europe, including A. lamarckii, which is indigenous here. This is a deciduous shrub or small tree which flowers profusely in spring and has beautiful autumn foliage. The fruits are often edible and attract many birds. A. arborea is a vigorous shrub with green leaves which are hairy at first, but not hairy later on, white clusters of flowers and bluish-black berries.

Fruits of Amelanchier ovalis Miesweg / Traunse...

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A. canadenis (syn. A. oblongifolia), can grow to a fairly large size, and has lanceolate, reddish-brown leaves which turn scarlet, white flowers, 1 cm across, which grow in clusters 2.5-6 cm long, and purplish-black fruits; it is often confused with A. lamarckii; suitable for lime-rich soil. A. laevis is a spreading tree which flowers profusely and grows 4-6 m tall. It has bronze leaves which turn reddish-orange, white flowers 2.5 cm across in clusters 4-12 cm long, and edible, bluish-black fruits; grows wild in sandy soil.

A. lamarckii (syn. A. canadenis, A. x grandiflora) is a spreading tree up to 10 m tall, with many erect, thin stems, with copper-coloured leaves covered with silky hair on the underside when they are young, turning red or orange in the autumn. It has sprays of whitish-pink flowers, 1-1.5 cm across, and edible, bluish-black fruits; “Rubescens” has pink flowers and does not form suckers. It is suitable for growing in acid woodland soil or sandy soil. A. ovalis (syn. A. vulgaris) is a bushy shrub up to 3 m tall, with grey, felted stems which later turn brownish-purple, oval leaves with a woolly, hair)’ underside when young, white, woolly flowers, and blue, edible fruits. It is suitable for growing under other trees in lime-rich soil. This shrub requires a sunny or slightly shady spot in well-drained soil. It can be pruned into shape very easily; remove dead wood. Propagate from seed (July), by lavering (in autumn) and from root suckers.

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