Anthurium-Scherzerianum – hybr. (syn. A.x horlulanum)

Anthuriums are very decorative plants grown not only for their blooms, but also gor their foliage. In European conditions they are typical greenhouse plants, but are also quite frequently grown in modern, centrally-heated houses. However, it can be difficult to provide them with a sufficiently humid atmosphere.

The original type species, A. scherzerianum, native to Costa Rica and Guatemala, is not grown as a house plant; only the culti-vars obtained by crossing this species with other species of An-thurium are grown in the home. The spathe (enlarged ornamental bract) of hybrids is vivid red, white, green, yellow or even dark red. Occasionally it may be blotched. The inflorescence is called a spadix. It consists of a thickened axis covered with numerous small flowers. Because the blooms are so extraordinarily beautiful and long-lived they are also very popular as cut flowers.

All species of Anthurium should be grown in diffused light. They are thermophilous plants, so do not allow the temperature to fall below 18°C (64° F) in winter. To ensure sufficient moisture and humidity, wrap the pot in damp moss or put it in a larger container and fill the space in between with moss. An-thuriums require a nourishing, free-draining compost, such as a mixture of peat, heath mould, sand and charcoal. Cover the surface with moist moss. A loam and peat substrate is also good. Anthuriums also do well in hydroponic containers. The most rapid method of propagation is by dividing older plants.

Anthurium-Andreanum – hybr. (syn. A. cultorum) This is a very familiar plant for, like the preceding species, it is grown for cutting and is widely sold by florists. The cut flowers may last several weeks in a vase. The red spathe and slender, twisted, yellow spadix make an attractive contrast. It is becoming increasingly popular as a pot plant. The conditions for growing it indoors are the same as for the species described above.

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