The arum lily is described under ZANTEDESCHIA AETHIOPICA.

Arum maculatum is a curious native British plant with a number of popular names, e. g. cows-and-calves, cuckoo pint, Jack-in-the-pulpit, lords- and-ladies, priest’s pintle, ramp, starchwort, wake-robin. It is a perennial growing to about 1 ft., and is found in woods and hedge banks.

The glossy, veined leaves are arrow-shaped often with purple spots.

In April a long green stalk called a spadix develops with the flower head at the base. When young, the spadix is surrounded by a large pale green bract called the spathe.

The scarlet berries are poisonous. The rhizomes were at one time used for starching linen.

The bog arum is CALLA PALUSTRIS.

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