CARING FOR GARDEN ROSES

Roses are among the most diverse roseof all flowers. In size, they range from miniatures to vigorous climbers reaching 40 ft.

There are roses for every position, every purpose and almost every colour. Often, too little imagination is shown in selecting types of roses to compliment each other, and to associate with other plants. We hope the suggestions given here will be useful.

HYBRID TEA roses (called H.T.’s) are grown for the beauty of the individual flowers, which are large and contain many petals. H.T.’s are normally grown in formal beds or dotted singly where room permits. The flowers can be used very effectively by the enthusiast for exhibition and by the flower arranger for the house. Rose borders of mixed varieties (make sure the tall and short varieties go in the right places). Standard roses of H.T. varieties give another perspective to the border. Try Erica darleyensis, Mahonia aquifolium or Pachysandra as an evergreen ground cover, and in time, the rose bushes can be cut down in autumn to the level of the evergreens beneath them.

FLORIBUNDA roses have smaller flowers, often with fewer petals, and are normally grown for their massed effect. In fact, the difference between H.T.’s and Floriuundas gets less with each year’s new introductions, and some varieties can be classified as either. Generally speaking, Flonbundas are best planted in bold groups, or beds, of one variety. Choose varieties that compliment one another in habit and height as well as colour. The same remarks, made about Standards and Ground Cover plants under H.T.’s apply. Don’t forqet some roses make excellent ground cover varieties themselves, e.g., The Fairy and the Shrub roses Frau Dagmar Hastrup, Max Graf, Candy Rose, Nozomi and Swany.

STANDARD roses have got lots of uses. They bring the roses up to eye and nose level for the elderly; they give a different height and colour to a border. The shrub and specie varieties we grow as standards make excellent specimens on lawns or in borders, miniature standards – and mini-standards – can also be used in tubs and urns as well as in formal beds, and look good when planted singly almost anywhere. Weeping standard roses make a most attractive feature m the lawn, or in a rose garden.

RAMBLERS, CLIMBING and PERPETUAL FLOWERING roses all have slightly different uses. Ramblers are best clothing pergolas, arches or fences (not walls of houses where they develop mildew). Perpetual flowering roses vary a great deal in vigour and habit, but the majority make only moderate growth, frequently by producing a flower on the end of a shoot, then pushing on after the flower has faded, with another growth from just below the flower and so building up gradually to their maximum height. They are therefore more suitable for growing on a short pillar, or on fairly low fences or walls. Climbing roses can be planted in lots of other places than high walls. Like ramblers, they are most effective when they have climbed up into old trees, or smothered ugly objects, and are seen festooned with flowers as they descend. They associate well with many other climbing plants, especially ivy, honeysuckles and vines; clematis enjoy climbing up roses and pleasing associations result from combining Mermaid and Clematis Lasurstern, or Zephyrine Drouhin and Clematis Jackmannii. (We are always interested to hear from gardeners who have found pleasant combinations.)

ROSE HEDGES can be delightful. Some of the shrub roses, like Roseraie de L’Hay look beautiful m flower and fruit. Effective rose ‘hedges’ can also be made by the use of trellis and ramblers.

SHRUB and SPECIE roses should both be regarded more as shrubs, and less as roses. Like other shrubs, they combine beauty of flower, foliage and berry. Many – particularly Canarybird (even better as a Standard) and Nevada make superb specimens for a focal point; many – especially R. rubrifolia – are indispensable for the flower arranger; and many have such beautiful old fashioned flowers – like /?. ga/lica Versicolour or R. Mdme Isaac Pereire – or such exciting heps – like Holodonta – that they deserve a place in every garden of any size. All are hardy, easy and very good value for money.

MINIATURE Roses – and standards of miniature roses – make charming subjects for rockeries or very small borders. They can also be used very effectively when grouped in front of Flonbundas and H.T.’s. Another popular use of them is for growing in window-boxes, troughs and containers.

Standards of all sorts are grown on Rosa rugosa, and any suckers growing from the stem should be removed as they appear.

ROSES-PLANTING AND AFTER CARE

PREPARATION and PLANTING. However good the roses are when you buy them, they will only do as well as the soil they grow in allows. Most soils will grow roses well if properly prepared.

Start by deep digging – two spades deep, the bottom spit being simply turned over and broken up but left in the bottom. This helps to ensure good drainage, which is absolutely essential, if farmyard manure is available, use it liberally, breaking it up and mixing thoroughly throughout the bed. Failing this, use old compost, rotted turf, or peat – to provide humus, and supplement it with a good well-balanced fertiliser with a fairly high potash content, and dig in 4 oz, per square yard. If replanting old rose beds, remove the top 1 2 ins of soil and replace with fresh soil – young bushes will never thrive in old rose-sick soil however much it is manured. Similarly, if ‘gapping-up’ a rose bed with new bushes, remove at least a bucketful of soil for each bush and replace with new soil. When the bed has been prepared give it a week or two to settle before planting, if possible.

Planting field-grown roses from October-early April. First soak the bushes for a time if they appear at all dry. Cut back any damaged or very long roots, to about 1 0 ins, then dig a hole large enough to allow the roots to be spread out in their natural shape. Have a bucketful of peat, with a hand­ful of bonemeal mixed thoroughly in it nearby and put a double handful of this mixture among the roots before returning the soil. Make the soil firm by treading, leaving only the top inch or so loose. When the operation is com­pleted the union of bud and rootstock should be very slightly below the surface of the soil. If severe frost subsequently occurs, it may be neces­sary to refirm the soil around each bush after the frost has passed.

Planting container grown roses from April-September. Dig a hole large enough to accommodate the ball of soil in which the bush is growing, slit and remove the black polythene and without disturbing roots or soil, place in the hole, replacing and firming the soil around the bush, then give a thorough water. If the weather continues hot and dry, water every day thoroughly until established.

When planting standard roses, a suitable stake should be driven firmly in near the centre of the hole, and the tree packed against this before carrying out the planting operation as described above. It will need to be securely held by a suitable ‘tie’ before being left.

PRUNING. This is best carried out during March. The first spring after planting the bushes need cutting back very hard – to with­in about three ‘eyes’ from the base of the main shoots. This applies to H.T.’s, Flori-bundas and Standards, Climbers, Ramblers and Perpetual Flowering roses should be reduced to about 3 ft if they have not already been cut back to this length. Shrub roses can be left 2-3 ft long according to their vigour and habit. Pruning in subsequent years is too big a subject to be adequately covered here, but if help is needed, we can supply an advisory leaflet on request, in the shop.

FEEDING. If the soil has been well prepared on the lines indicated, no additional feeding should be required during the first season. Afterwards, a top-feed of a well-balanced rose fertilizer should be applied in the spring, immediately after pruning, generally at the rate of about 4 oz. per square yard. A further application can be given with advantage in early July, this time using a mixture with a higher potash content to induce firm growth in the autumn months. When applying fertilizer it should only be lightly hoed in. Avoid all deep cultivation amongst roses, as this will disturb the feeding roots.

SPRAYING. Roses are subject, in varying degrees according to locality, soil and variety, to certain pests and fungus diseases which, if not controlled, can cause considerable disfigure­ment or worse. Fortunately, there are suitable controls for most of these, and they are easy to apply.

DISBUDDING. You may often hear this word used in connection with roses, and wonder what it refers to. ft generally applies only to H.T. type of roses, many of which produce a number of buds on one stem. If it is wished to get the largest and best flowers, it is necessary to ‘disbud’ by removing the side buds whilst still quite tiny, and leaving only the centre bud to develop. The side buds need to be pinched out carefully close to the main stem, and it should be done whilst they are still very young and the wood soft enough to pinch out easily between the thumb and finger, taking care not to damage the centre bud and stem.

Given a little care on the lines suggested above, roses will give many years of pleasure. They are an investment in enjoyment which will never be regretted.

A carefully selected list of the best of today’s varieties.

S denotes scented; SS sweetly scented; SSS very sweetly scented.

Height of growth is shown by the words Short, Medium, Tall, Medium short and Medium tall. We have not given actual height in feet, as this varies so much with soil, type of pruning, etc., but the above groupings will give an indication of height and vigour.

Plant Varieties and Seed Act, 1964. Varieties marked (P) are sold under licence and are subject to Plant Breeders Rights.

Guarantee. We guarantee all H.T. bushes to live and flower the first summer after planting.

ALEC’S RED. Deep bright crimson-red. Large rather globular flowers on strong stems. This (P) rose has become deservedly popular since its introduction in 1 969 by reason of its sturdy healthy growth, pleasing colour and fragrance. Medium tall. SSS.

ALEXANDER. Brilliant orange-vermilion, more intense in colour than Super Star. The flowers

(P) are of pleasing shape, though not very full. It is very vigorous, making a big bush up to

5 ft high, a fact to be kept in mind if planting with other varieties. It makes a splendid

specimen bush or hedge, or for making a big colourful group where it can be given

plenty of room to grow. Tall. S.

ALPINE SUNSET. A full, fragrant globular flower of peach-pink flushed yellow. Growth is (P) upright and vigorous and the foliage is medium green and glossy. Medium. SS.

BEAUTE. Deep apricot-yellow. A flower that captivates because of its long graceful form and rich colouring. Moderate growth, making an excellent bedding rose, and certainly one of the best roses of today. It really is a beauty! Medium. SS.

BETTINA. Orange-yellow, with gold base, veined and flushed bronzy-red, making a very richly coloured flower of great beauty. The flowers need dry sunny weather to reach perfection. A very popular rose and deservedly so. Medium. SS.

BLUE MOON. Silvery-lavender. It has a vigorous branching habit, making quite a tall free flowering bush. Taking it all round, probably still about the best of these so called ‘blue’ shades, especially if one remembers that it has a very strong fragrance. Makes a good garden rose, as well as providing very useful material for the flower arranger. Medium tall. SSS.

COLOUR WONDER. A bi-colour rose of outstanding brilliance, orange-red and buttercup-IP) yellow. The flowers are full and compact, the growth rather short but sturdy, making an

excellent bedding rose. Colour Wonder – a good name for a very good rose. Medium

short.

DIORAMA. Deep apricot-yellow, often tinted and edged with orange and scarlet, passing to (P) softer shades as the flower matures. What a lovely rose this is! At its best, it is difficult to

think of anything more superbly beautiful. And it is a sturdy grower with plenty of tough

healthy leaves. Medium. SS.

DOUBLE DELIGHT. A beautiful rose, the large well shaped blooms are crimson changing to

(P) creamy-white in the centre, an unusual and effective colour combination coupled with

its strong fragrance. It is one of the most outstanding roses to be introduced for many

years. Growth is strong and foliage glossy and healthy. It has all the attributes of a good

exhibition rose. Medium. SSS.

DUKE OF WINDSOR. Soft yet brilliant vermilion. The flowers are of medium size, of nice (P) shape, and very fragrant. Growth is sturdy, bushy and low. A splendid rose – but keep an eye open for mildew! Short. SSS.

ERNEST H. MORSE. Bright glowing red, a large beautifully shaped flower. A good healthy grower, which fills the need for a bright not-too-deep red which is sturdy and reliable. With its rich fragrance, its excellent form and its good habit of growth, this is a rose which should not be overlooked. Medium. SSS.

FRAGRANT CLOUD. Deep bright coral-red flowers, produced in clusters. To get perfect individual flowers, some disbudding is necessary. But what a wonderful rose this is – its enormous freedom of flowering, sturdy but not-too-tall growth and glorious fragrance put it right in the forefront of today’s roses. People who say that ‘modern roses do not smell’ should be made to wear a Fragrant Cloud in their buttonhole until they recant. Medium. SSS-plus.

HYBRID TEA ROSES

GRANDPA DICKSON. Clear light yellow, with a faint flush on the outside of the petals at times. (P) Exceptionally free flowering, with very upright growth and shining green leaves. It

should be planted rather close to get the best effect. Then it is superb. Medium. SS. GREAT NEWS. Large, fully double flowers, rich plum-purple in colour with a silvery reverse. (P) Scented. Growth is strong and branching. An excellent rose for floral arranging.

Medium. S. JUST JOEY. Coppery-red, opening to coppery-salmon, the edges of the petals paling slightly. (P) Very large tough petals, which withstand the weather well, and make a very showy

flower. A most interesting and beautiful rose, and one of the best of the modern

varieties. Medium. SS.

KING’S RANSOM. Rich clear yellow. It is a sturdy grower with an abundance of strong glossy foliage which sets off the lovely flowers to advantage. The best and most reliable clear yellow rose which we have as yet. Medium. S.

LADY SYLVIA. Small, perfectly formed flowers, pale pink overlaid salmon, a beautiful old favourite well worth growing. Short. SS.

MAESTRO. The first H.T. in the so called hand painted roses introduced by Sam McGredy. (P) The full, double flowers are deep crimson, edged and flecked with white. Moderate bushy growth. Medium.

MISCHIEF. A wonderful rose – in colour, light vermilion shading to coral-salmon. The petals fold back as the bloom opens, to give a large firm flower with very long lasting qualities. And what a lovely grower it is – making a big sturdy healthy bush which covers itself with its richly-coloured flowers. Medium. S.

MISTER LINCOLN. Deep glowing velvety-red. Most roses of this colour have proved dis­appointing in growth, but this one is a very strong grower and healthy. If it has a fault indeed, it is just that it grows almost too tall on some soils. But what a glorious rose it is, equally lovely in the half open stage and when fully expanded, when it can be enormous. And it smells just like a deep red rose should smell. Tall. SS.

PASCALI. White with the slightest suggestion of a creamy flush. The flowers are delightfully shaped and stand bad weather far better than most whites. Add to this the fact that it is relatively free from mildew, which is the curse of other leading white varieties, and that it has some fragrance, and the conclusion is obvious – the best white rose yet. Medium. S.

PEACE. Creamy-yellow, with edges of petals delicately tinted with pink. A wonderful old rose in every way, with its tremendously vigorous growth and enormous long-lasting flowers. Its wonderful growth can be an embarrassment if planted with other less vigorous varieties, as it is liable to overgrow them. Best planted by itself, with plenty of space to develop and pruned comparatively lightly – then you can enjoy it to the full. Tall. SS.

PEPE. Yellow shaded pink and orange-red with yellow reverse. Sturdy and upright in growth it is exceptionally free-flowering and is in every way a quite delightful rose. Medium. SS.

PICCADILLY. Vermilion-red, with light buttercup-yellow reverse – a most colourful and attractive rose which is a great favourite. A sturdy vigorous grower, it gives little trouble and does well almost anywhere. You may dispense with many other varieties but you can’t leave Piccadilly out of your collection. Tall. SS.

PINK PANTHER. Deep pink to light red flowers. Healthy disease free foliage. Good variety for beds and borders. Welcome addition to the range of pink varieties. Medium.

PRECIOUS PLATINUM. Rich red flowers of good form produced on a strong vigorous plant. Free flowering. Excellent for cutting and bedding. Medium. S.

PRIMA BALLERINA. One of the great roses of all time – rich rose-pink in colour, with a glorious fragrance. A splendid grower, it makes a big sturdy trouble-free bush, flowering prolifically throughout the season. Another rose which cannot be left out of any rose garden. Tall. SS.

ROSE GAUJARD. Deep madder-pink, with silvery-white reverse to petals. A strong grower very free from disease, and making a fine sturdy bush. A distinctive and most attractive rose, fragrant, easy to grow and normally very trouble-free. Tall. SS.

SILVER JUBILEE. The beautiful flowers of classic shape are in shades of pink, peach and (P) cream. The colour varying according to the season. They are borne freely on a strong

vigorous plant with plenty of dark green foliage which is disease resistant. For lovers of

roses this variety is a must. Medium. SS.

SUMMER HOLIDAY. Big flowers of an intense orange-red shade. Makes a big sturdy bush (P) with strong healthy foliage. An outstandingly brilliant colour, brighter than Super Star and with better growth and habit, though with less well formed flowers. Tall. SS.

SUPER STAR. Clear luminous vermilion without shading. This extraordinarily popular rose is too well known to need much description. For many years it has been far and away the best seller of all – and is still immensely popular. It is with regret that we find it is now deteriorating in health, and becoming increasingly addicted to mildew. Medium tall. SS.

TROIKA. Orange-bronze – a rich and attractive colour, with an immediate appeal. The (P) flower is full and well-formed, growth is sturdy and the foliage strong and glossy. A very good rose in every way. Medium tall. SS.

WEIMDY CUSSONS. Bright cerise-red with a wonderful fragrance. A very strong sturdy grower producing masses of big colourful flowers. A splendid rose, easy to grow and full of both colour and fragrance. Medium tall. SSS.

WHISKY MAC. Harvest-gold, tinted with orange and mellowing to soft golden shades – a (P) lovely rose, whatever colours and shades one uses to try and describe it. Vigorous

growth and strong healthy foliage add to its many attractions. One of the most popular

roses of recent years, with a fine fragrance. Tall. SSS.

HOW TO BUY YOUR ROSE TREES

1. Come along to your Garden Centre between mid-October and late March to buy the fresh season’s stock, individually root-wrapped bushes (to keep them fresh). Actually the dates we start and finish depend somewhat on the season. There can be no doubt that November is the ideal month for planting a new rose border. With our new Cold Store in operation, we can offer first quality rose bushes for sale in perfect condition until a day or two after Easter. (Late planted bushes need frequent watering.)

2. Come along to choose your container-grown roses between early May and September. (There is not normally such a wide selection from which to choose after the beginning of August.) Container-grown roses cost a little more due to the cost in growing them on this way, but more and more people like to see exactly what the roses look like when buying, take them home and have roses in bloom without waiting. And, of course, provided the roses are planted properly and watered, they cannot fail.

3. If you are travelling some distance and your requirements are already known, it makes sense to telephone or write to the Garden Centre and let us know. Your order can be reserved, and, if there are any problems, you can be forewarned. No need to send any money through the post.

FLORIBUNDA ROSES

S denotes scented; SS sweetly scented; SSS very sweetly scented.

Plant Varieties and Seed Act, 1965. Varieties marked (P) are sold under licence and are subject to Plant Breeders Rights.

Guarantee. We guarantee all Floribunda roses to live and flower the first summer after planting.

ALLGOLD. Deep bright yellow, which holds its colour without fading until the petals fall.

Compact, bushy habit of growth, the glossy leaves being markedly resistant to disease.

Nothing to equal this rose in the yellow floribundas has yet been introduced. Short. SS. AMBER QUEEN (Rose of the Year 1984). A beautiful shade of amber-yellow, the flowers are

fully double, opening large and full. The amber colour is beautifully highlighted by the

dark foliage. Because of its low, somewhat spreading habit, it is particularly suitable for

bedding purposes. Truly a beautiful rose in every respect. Short. APRICOT NECTAR. One of the best bedding roses grown today – in a unique shade of clear, (P) light-apricot, a colour that is delightfully fresh and distinct from any other variety. Growth

is excellent, the light green leaves acting as a perfect foil to the great sprays of flowers.

The flowers are large, yet never look heavy. It is difficult to speak too highly of this grand

rose. Medium. SS. AUTHUR BELL. A very delightful yellow rose, which gets lighter as the flower ages, but is (P) charming throughout. A good grower, it makes a strong sturdy bush. Medium. S. BEAUTIFUL BRITAIN (Rose of the Year 1983). A new floribunda and a new colour. Its (P) short compact habit and brilliant colour makes it an ideal variety for bedding purposes or

for planting in the front of mixed borders. A variety we feel sure will be in great demand

for years to come. Short. BLESSINGS. A most lovely shade of coral-salmon. Large H.T. type of flowers in clusters. (P) Sturdy upright growth. This is a most lovely rose, the colour being quite distinct from

any other, and a real eye catcher. It is equally good for the garden and for indoor

decoration. Medium. CHARLESTON. Bright chrome-yellow with red edgings turning slowly to bright deep scarlet as

the flower matures. Probably best described as a more brilliantly coloured Masquerade,

the still popular multicoloured floribunda. Medium tall.

CHINATOWN. Golden-yellow sometimes flushed slightly with pink. The big flat flowers, 3-4 ins diameter, cluster profusely on the strong bushy plant. Tall. SS.

CITY OF LEEDS. Rich salmon-pink. The big flowers are so freely produced as to make a (P) continuous blaze of colour. This is an excellent rose for giving a long lasting show of blooms, and we strongly recommend it. Medium tall.

CONGRATULATIONS. A shorter version of Queen Elizabeth rose. The well formed blooms (P) are rose-pink with a hint of salmon. Growth is strong and upright and the foliage a rich dark green and extremely healthy. Useful for cutting and display. Medium.

COPPER POT. A delightful rose, rich coppery-orange in its early stages, softening to lighter (P) shades as the flower matures. The pointed shapely buds open to semi-double flowers. It

makes a tall, free flowering bush, suitable for bedding, hedges or for growing as a

specimen. Tall. SS.

DEAREST. Big double rather saucer-shaped flowers, of a charming rosy-salmon shade carried in large well-spaced trusses. It is apt to damage rather easily in rain, otherwise excellent. Medium. SS.

ELIZABETH OF GLAMIS. Coral-salmon, opening to pure salmon – a most lovely variety in every way, and very, very popular. Each flower is beautifully shaped like a small H.T. rose and carried in nice open sprays of bloom. Very free flowering, a compact grower, fragrant – it has all the virtues – and one weakness. On heavy or wet soils, die-back in the winter may well be experienced. Medium. SSS.

EVELYN FISON. The outstanding scarlet-red floribunda today. The colour is rich, brilliant and unfading. It grows well, flowers freely, is little troubled by disease, and repeats steadily and quickly throughout the very long flowering period. Easily the best and most reliable bedding rose of this colour so far. Medium. S.

FRAGRANT DELIGHT. A vigorous, medium to tall upright grower with small, medium green, (P) glossy foliage. The well formed moderately full blooms are coppery, orange-salmon fading to yellow at the base with a distinct fragrance. Medium. SSS.

GREENSLEEVES. An extraordinary novelty, clear chartreuse-green flowers open out from pink (P) tinged buds. In the garden, you may find other flowers become mottled. Growth is

strong and upright and foliage tough and healthy. This variety is a must for the floral

arranger, the opened blooms holding their shape and colour well but needs position in

full sun for best results. Medium. ICEBERG. Pure white generally, though sometimes it will develop a slight flush of pink. A

dainty flower, which completely smothers the bush under its great sprays of white

blossom. Very healthy growth, with glossy foliage. Iceberg is way out in front of all other

white floribundas. Tall. SS. IRISH MIST. Orange-salmon flowers, of good size and form, keeping their colour well until they (P) fall. A quite splendid rose, growing and flowering well and making an ideal bedding rose

in every way. One of the best and most reliable floribundas we have. Medium. S. KERRYGOLD. The short growth and freedom of flowering makes this variety suitable for (P) bedding purposes. Flowers are bright canary-yellow. Short. LILLI MARLENE. Bright rich crimson-red, which does not fade. It is very free flowering, the

plant being almost smothered beneath the big colourful trusses of flower. Can be placed

along with Evelyn Fison, as an alternative to that variety where a rather deeper shade of

colour is required. A very good rose indeed. Medium. MARGARET MERRIL. A free growing hardy variety. The well formed high centred flowers are

white tinted pearly-pink. Very strongly scented. Excellent variety for borders, rose beds

and hedges. Medium. SSS. MARLENA. Bright red, with moderately full cupped flowers 2 ins across. The growth is sturdy (P) and branching but very low and compact, making it ideal for small beds or to put in front

of taller growing varieties. This is a real gem and one you are almost sure to want. Short. MASQUERADE. Golden-yellow in the bud, opening to pink and gradually changing to deep red

before falling, giving a multicoloured effect in the mass. A very vigorous free flowering

rose which has been popular for many years. Tall. S. MATANGI. Orange-vermilion, with a silvery-white centre and reverse to petal. In its (P) young state, the delightful H.T. shaped flower is exquisitely formed and then opens to a

richly coloured flower carried both singly and in clusters. Medium growth and very free

flowering. A most worthy winner of the one Gold Medal awarded in the R.N.R.S. Trials

in 1 974. Medium. METEOR. Bright orange-red flowers, on an exceptionally low growing compact bush. This is an

ideal variety where a low mass of brilliant colour is needed. Plant 15-18 ins apart and a

wonderful effect will be produced. Very free flowering, and a first rate rose in every way

for the position in front of taller growing varieties. Short. MOUNTBATTEN (Rose of the Year 1 982). Mountbatten has all the qualities that make it an (P) outstanding rose and the first ever variety to receive the accolade ‘Rose of the Year’.

Flowers are mimosa-yellow, large, fully double with a pleasing fragrance. Growth is

strong and vigorous, the foliage crisp, shiny and disease resistant. Medium. SS. ORANGE SENSATION. Fiery orange-scarlet of outstanding brilliance. A rather smaller and

fuller blossom than Orangeade, and lacking the added beauty of the golden stamens of

that variety – but people who prefer the fuller type of blossom may well choose this one

in preference. It has a good sturdy habit. Medium. SS. PINK ELIZABETH ARDEN. Clear silvery rose-pink. This is a delightful rose, and the best in its (P) colour. It has a sturdy but compact habit, and is very free of disease, but its great virtues

are the intensely free flowering habit – it just keeps on and on – and the way flowers

retain their fresh clear colour whatever the weather may be. Medium. S. PLAYBOY. Single flowers of orange and scarlet with a bright gold reverse. Its bushy and

compact growth makes it an ideal bedding rose. Dark green glossy foliage with young

shoots copper tinted. Slightly fragrant. Medium/Short. S. QUEEN ELIZABETH. Clear soft pink. The flowers are medium sized and well shaped, of the

H.T. type, and are carried both singly and in clusters on long, almost thornless stems.

The growth is very vigorous, making it quite unsuitable for growing in conjunction with

other normal sized varieties. Probably best grown as an individual specimen bush, or in

beds where each bush can have plenty of elbow room. Suitable for hedges. Very tall. SS. RADOX BOUQUET. Glorious fragrance, a reminder of the scent of some of the old garden

roses. The rose-pink flowers also have some of the charm of the old varieties, full

petalled flowers often quartering when fully open. Its repeat flowering qualities and

handsome shiny foliage commends this variety to lovers of scented roses. Excellent for

hedge, bed or shrub border. Medium. SSS.

REGENSBURG. A delightful dwarf flonbunda rose that is going to be very much in demand.

(P) Flowers are semi-double pink with white edges and reverse, and freely produced on a short sturdy plant. An excellent bedding rose. Short.

SCARLET QUEEN ELIZABETH. The flowers are orange-scarlet, rather globular, and of considerable size. Growth is excellent, up to 2-4 ft healthy and hardy. A really good, trouble-free rose, suitable for bedding, hedges or as specimens. Tall.

SOUTHAMPTON. Double flowers of a warm apricot-orange flushed scarlet, slightly fragrant. (P) Growth is vigorous and upright. Medium,

STARGAZER. A perky little rose, the single five petalled flowers are bright orange-scarlet with a (P) golden zone. The short bushy growth will appeal to those who require a compact rose for bedding purposes. Short.

SUNDAY TIMES. Full deep pink flowers, with lighter reverse. Growth is very short and rather

(P) spreading, making it ideal when a low growing and compact, but spreading, type of plant is needed. Bold shining green foliage. Very short. S.

THE FAIRY (this is classed as a Poly-Pom variety, but for convenience we include it in the Floribundas). Soft pink flowers, which although small in themselves are borne in long sprays of bloom so profusely as to cause the bush to almost disappear under a sea of colour. Completely resistant to all disease, it makes a low wide-spreading bush of considerable vigour, and is ideal for covering difficult spots where other roses will not do. Short but spreading.

TOPSI. Glowing orange-scarlet. The flowers are semi-double, very large and outstandingly

(P) brilliant. The leaves are also very large – but the bush itself is very short and compact-making it an ideal variety for a frontal position, or for beds where space is restricted. Very short. S.

VESPER. The forerunner of an increasing number of ‘unusual colour’ roses. The full double flowers are described as burnt-orange – an unusual colour and one which appeals very much to floral arrangers. We first grew this rose in 1 968, it’s now nice to see it back. Growth is strong and healthy. Medium.

ZAMBRA. Bright orange, shading in golden-yellow on reverse. A very bright attractive little rose which has retained its popularity over many years. Makes a good compact bush. Medium.

ROSES FOR SPECIAL PURPOSES

FOR HEDGES

Roses make excellent colourful hedges for certain positions. The following are some of the best for this purpose:

Alexander

Aloha

Arthur Bell

Blanc Double de Coubert

City of Leeds

Buff Beauty

Copper Pot

Cornelia

Iceberg

Joseph’s Coat

Irish Mist

Penelope

Masquerade

Queen Elizabeth

Orange Sensation

Boseraie de L’Hay

Scarlet Queen Elizabeth

Zephyrine Drouhin

FOR NORTH AND EAST WALLS

We are frequently asked to suggest varieties which are suitable for growing on the difficult north or east wall. We recommend the following as being the most suitable:

Clg Etoile de Holland

Maigold

Clg Lady Sylvia

Parkdirektor Riggers

Gloire de Dijon

Pink Perpetue

FOR GROUND COVER

Some roses, by reason of their dense spreading habit, are particularly suitable for providing good ground cover. The following are all suitable:

Candy Rose

Nozomi

Fiona

Sunday Times

Frau Dagmar Hastrup

Swany

Max Graf

The Fairy

STANDARD ROSES

Standard roses are indispensable for situations where height is needed. Our standards are grown on short sterns, the bottom of the head being 3 ft 3 ins from ground level when planted. Standard roses should always have a strong stake inserted at time of planting to give support to the tree which would otherwise quickly be broken off by the wind. Suitable stakes, together with plastic ties to hold them securely to the stake, are always available on the Garden Centres.

HYBRID TEA VARIETIES

(For descriptions, see list of H.T. roses.)

Alec’s Red

Blue Moon

Duke of Windsor

Diorama

Fragrant Cloud

Grandpa Dickson

Just Joey

King’s Ransom

Mischief

Pascali

Pepe

Piccadilly

Prima Ballerina

Silver Jubilee

Super Star

Whisky Mac

Canarybird. Makes a fine spreading head, which is covered with masses of yellow flowers in early summer.

FLORIBUNDA VARIETIES

(For descriptions, see list of Floribunda roses.)

Allgold

Elizabeth of Glamis

Greensleeves

Iceberg

Marlena

Matangi

Orange Sensation

Regensberg

Stargazer

Sunday Times

The Fairy

Tops!

WEEPING STANDARDS

Budded on 5 ft stems, these make lovely specimen trees to stand on a lawn, with long drooping branches eventually reaching down to ground level, and forming a cascade of bloom in summer months.

The following varieties are grown as Weeping Standards (for descriptions see list of Ramblers):

Albertine

Snow Carpet

Emily Gray

Nozomi

Minnehaha

FionaPaul’s Scarlet

Weeping standards are best provided with an umbrella trainer to induce a well shaped head. These are available in plastic coated wire, from the Garden Centres.

MINIATURE STANDARDS

Miniature roses grown as mini-standards on stems approx­imately 2 ft high are available in the following varieties:

Angela Rippon

New Penny

Dresden Doll

Royal Salute

Jet Trail

Starina

Baby Masquerade

Stars ‘n’ Stripes

Little Flirt

SunblazeMona Ruth

CLIMBING ROSES

These are vigorous growing roses which need plenty of room to grow and spread, and they should only have light pruning. They flower freely in June and July, but after that usually only carry a few scattered flowers. If you have high walls to cover – these are the answer. For smaller spaces, the Perpetual Flowering Climbers are more suitable.

BREATH OF LIFE. Apricot to apricot-pink. A lovely shade for a climbing rose. Flowers of H.T. (P) type, medium size and pleasant fragrance. Lovely to cut as the blooms remain beautiful

at every stage. Use on wall, fence or pillar. A variety we recommend. SS. CLG ETOILE DE HOLLANDE. Bright dusky-red. A wonderful climber, vigorous, free flowering

and very, very fragrant – a lovely rose to have on a wall near to your front door – if only

for the fragrance. SSS. CLG ICEBERG. Pure white, and wonderfully free flowering, this climbing form of the popular

Flonbunda fills a long felt need for a strong growing white climber. CLG LADY SYLVIA. Soft salmon-pink shaded gold. Hardy, vigorous and fragrant An old and

well tried favourite. SSS. CLG SUPER STAR. Vermilion. A vigorous free flowering form of this very popular rose. Always

in very great demand. SS. COMPASSION. If there is only room for one climber Compassion must be the number one (P) choice. The salmon-pink flowers change to shades of apricot-orange as the flower

developes. The double flowers have a strong rich fragrance and this coupled with

strong healthy growth to 1 0 ft or so makes it the ideal choice for walls, fences and

pillars. SS. CRIMSON DESCANT (1 973). A crimson climber of great promise, exceptionally free flower-IP) ing and making a wonderful show. GLOIRE DE DUON. Buff-yellow, small full flower opening to quartered centres. A much loved

rose, sweet scented and hardy. Good for a north wall. SS. MERMAID. Soft sulphur-yellow, with a great cluster of deep golden-yellow stamens in the

centre of the big single flowers. A unique and beautiful variety. SWAN LAKE. A good strong plant with medium green, healthy foliage. The large, beautifully (P) formed, double flowers are white with a hint of pink at the centre and are freely

produced. ROSA BANKSIA LUTEA. Soft clear yellow. The small full flowers are produced in big sprays.

The strong thornless growths which are almost evergreen on a sheltered wall, grow up

to 40 ft.

Needs a favourable aspect, when it can be magnificent. Slight fragrance.

Container grown only. ROSA FILIPES KIFTSGATE. Small pure white flower in big clusters. A very vigorous rambler in

habit, it is a spectacular sight in full bloom. Suitable for growing through trees and over

unsightly buildings. 30-40 ft.

RAMBLERS

The roses in this section have a vigorous rambling habit of growth, ideal for clothing pergolas, arches and fences. They are less suitable for walls, where they often develop mildew, in most cases the individual flowers are small, but carried in large clusters.

ALBERTINE. Rich coppery-pink. The growth is vigorous and produces masses of the richly coloured blossoms over its whole length. If we could only grow one rambler this would be our unhesitating choice. SS.

EMILY GRAY. Creamy-yellow, fading as it opens to cream. The pretty bronze-green foliage blends perfectly with the flowers. A most attractive variety.

MINNEHAHA. Deep bright pink. A greatly improved Dorothy Perkins, it is better in colour, growth and health than that old favourite.

PAUL’S SCARLET CLIMBER. Vivid scarlet blooms in big clusters. This variety has suffer growth than most ramblers and makes a magnificent pillar rose. For many years has been one of our most popular roses in this section – and deserves to be.

SANDER’S WHITE. Pure white, with glossy green foliage.

REPEAT FLOWERING CLIMBERS

We have separated these from the Climbing roses, as they all have the distinctive virtue of flowering more than once in the season. They vary a great deal in vigour and habit, but the majority make only moderate growth, frequently by producing a flower on the end of a shoot, then pushing on after the flower has faded, with another growth from just below the flower and so building up gradually to their maximum height. They are therefore more suitable for growing on a short pillar, or on fairly low fences or walls. The heights given are approximate only.

ALOHA. Deep rose-pink, with a slight coppery tinge. A short grower, it only ust qualifies as a

pillar rose. Large full flowers, freely produced over a long season, and fragrant. It can

also be grown very successfully as a large bush, when it can be quite magnificent. 6 ft.

SS DANSE DU FEU. Orange-scarlet. The moderately full rather short petalled flowers continue

very freely over a long season, giving a brilliant effect. 9 ft.

GOLDEN SHOWERS. Golden-yellow, the long shapely buds opening to fairly full fragrant

flowers. A very pretty free flowering rose, which is equally suitable as a large bush or

short pillar rose. 6 ft.

HANDEL. Creamy-white, flushed rosy-pink all round the edges of the bloom. A most charming (P) rose, which catches the eye wherever it is grown, and is just about the most popular

climbing rose being grown today. 9 ft.

JOSEPH’S COAT. Golden-yellow and orange, deepening to red – an exciting colourful rose,

which brings a splash of brilliant colour to the garden in which it is grown. 8 ft.

MAIGOLD. Rich coppery-yellow, flushed apricot. A vigorous, hardy, free flowering variety of

distinctive and very beautiful colouring. This is a rose we like very much and are

completely happy to recommend. 10 ft.

SS. PARKDIREKTOR RIGGERS. A magnificent scarlet-red, vigorous and tremendously free

flowering. A wonderful rose. Up to 15 ft.

PINK PERPETUE. Rich carmine-pink, softening as the flower matures to a pleasant rosy-pink. (P) Vigorous, free flowering, repeating throughout the season. A great asset. Up to 15 ft.

SS. ROYAL GOLD. Rich yellow which does not fade. Shapely H.T. type of flowers produced fairly

continuously throughout the season. Up to 12 ft.

SCHOOLGIRL. A glorious coppery-orange colour. The flowers keep on coming all through (P) summer and autumn, making a tremendous show. This rose has become very popular

indeed – and small wonder for it’s good in every way. Up to 1 2 ft.

ZEPHYRINE DROUHIN. Bright carmine-pink, very free flowering and deliciously fragrant. The

growth is practically thornless, sturdy and vigorous, but comparatively short. Although it

can be grown very effectively as a pillar, it is at its best on a low fence or grown as a big

bush or informal hedge. Up to 8 ft.

SS.

SHRUB ROSES

The roses under this heading consist of a number of different types, but all make bushes which are suitable for using as specimens in mixed shrub borders, for growing as individual bushes, and in many cases, for use as informal hedges. We have included the following – Candy Rose, Fiona, Nozomi and Swany and along with the variety Max Graf this will give an excellent choice of roses suitable for ground cover.

BALLERINA (Hybrid Musk). Large clusters of tiny, single light pink blooms produced in great profusion, often until late autumn. Growth is vigorous and bushy with healthy disease free foliage. An excellent shrub rose associating well with other plants. A ft.

BLANC DOUBLE DE COUBERT (rugosa). Pure white, semi-double fragrant flowers which are followed by the loveliest large, round, orange-yellow heps. The deep green distinctive foliage is an additional attraction. A ft.

BUFF BEAUTY (Hybrid Musk). Creamy-apricot flowers of great beauty. The blooms are fairly double, have a delicious scent and are produced in big clusters. Growth 5-6 ft high.

CANDY ROSE. Bright pink single blooms with golden stamens. The strong low spreading growth is covered in disease resistant glossy foliage. An excellent variety where low spreading growth is required and particularly useful for ground cover and growing over banks and walls. Spreading. 21/4 ft.

CAREFREE BEAUTY. Double blooms of luminous pink followed in autumn by large golden-orange heps. Growth strong and bushy, makes an ideal variety for hedging purposes. 5 ft.

CONSTANCE SPRY. Full rose-pink flowers on arching sprays. Growth 5-6 ft high. SS.

M

CORNELIA (Hybrid Musk). Strawberry-pink with yellow shadings, the colour being especially

good m the autumn. Very fragrant and most lovely variety in every way. 4 ft.

SSS. CRESTED MOSS (Moss Rose). Delightful old-fashioned rose. A fairly deep rose-pink, each

flower has a little crest in addition to the normal mossing. 4 ft.

SS FIONA (ground cover rose). This variety is wide growing with overhanging branches. Robust

and healthy, flowers continuously with masses of bright red flowers ideal for banks,

slopes, front of borders, etc. 3 ft spread. FOUNTAIN. A medium growing shrub, producing a plentiful supply of well shaped blood-red

flowers in large clusters. FRAU DAGMAR HASTRUP (rugosa). Rose-pink single flowers in small clusters. Short very

sturdy growth. The flowers are followed by clusters of red heps. LADY PENZANCE (Hybrid Sweet Briar). The rich coppery-yellow flowers, which wreathe the

branches in June, are lovely – and the scent of the sweetly fragrant leaves is strong

enough at times to fill the garden. 7 ft.

MME ISAAC PEREIRE. Flowers deep pink to rose madder with slight purplish tinge, full and

double showing quartering when mature. Scented and very vigorous. MAX GRAF (Rugosa). Single pink flowers. A low growing spreading bush, making good

ground cover. NOZOMI (Ground cover rose). A dainty ground cover rose with small white flowers, tinged

pink, produced freely in clusters all along the branches. The effect created is of a ground

cover plant, full of stems, tiny leaves and flowers. Use it for a ground cover plant in small

areas especially under H.T. or Floribunda roses, front of borders, etc. Nozomi is

particularly effective when grown in a tub or container. PENELOPE (Hybrid Musk). Shell-pink, shaded saffron-yellow. The lovely soft colouring of this

rose, makes it a prime favourite. It grows into a medium sized sturdy bush and is very

fragrant. 4 ft.

SSS. ROSERAIE de L’HAY (rugosa). Purplish-crimson. Big loosely formed fragrant flowers. 7 ft.

SSS. SCABROSA. Single flowers of rich purplish-mauve, followed by very ornamental orange-yellow heps. 4 ft.

SCHNEESWERG (Rugosa). Semi-double white flowers followed by scarlet heps. Compact

habit. 5 ft.

SWANY (Ground cover rose). A rambling carpet of small, double, creamy-white flowers tinged

pink at the centre. Low spreading habit makes it ideal for ground cover, border, low

hedge, banks or the top of walls. 3-4 ft spread.

MINIATURE ROSES

These delightful little roses grow from about 1 to 2 ft in height and make charming subjects for rock gardens or very small borders. The stronger growing ones can also be used very effectively when grouped in front of the taller growing Floribundas and H.T ‘s. Another popular use of them is for growing in window-boxes, troughs, etc., but care should be taken here that they have an adequate root run (not less than 1 2 ins deep, more if possible) – and that they are fed and watered regularly. Such containers would, of course, need to provide adequate drainage

AIR FRANCE. Compact bushy plant, producing clear pink double flowers in profusion. Ideal for patio, tubs, troughs, window boxes or even as a house plant. 15 ins.

ANGELA RIPPON. A new fragrant, miniature rose named after the television personality. The perfectly formed flowers are a delightful shade of salmon-pink. Growth is compact and bushy, an ideal rose for planting at the edge of beds, rockeries and growing in pots. 1 2 ins.

BABY MASQUERADE. Yellow, pink and red. A much smaller and daintier version of the well-known floribunda Masquerade. 15 ins.

DRESDEN DOLL. A unique miniature in that the buds are heavily ‘mossed’. The flowers are a lovely Dresden-pink with a boss of golden stamens in the centre. Compact and vigorous. 15 ins.

JET TRAIL. Pure white. Makes a good foil to the coloured varieties. 1 2 ins.

LITTLE FLIRT. Large semi-double flowers, red and gold. 15 ins.

MONA RUTH. Deep pink. Compact and vigorous. 15 ins.

NEW PENNY. A delightful salmon-orange flower. Semi-double and very free flowering. I 5 ins.

ROBIN REDBREAST. A patio rose, suitable for borders, window boxes and containers. The blooms are dark red each with a white eye. Foliage green and healthy, a very hardy variety which produces several broad flowering trusses, making it particularly suitable for bedding purposes. 15 ins.

ROYAL SALUTE. The miniature rose chosen to mark the celebration of the Silver Jubilee of Her Majesty The Queen. The fragrant, double, cherry-pink flowers are produced con­tinuously on a sturdy, bushy plant. 1 2 ins.

STARINA. The fully double flowers are beautifully formed, vivid orange-scarlet in colour and produced on a vigorous bushy plant. 10 ins.

STARS ‘N’ STRIPES. Bushy upright growth with an abundance of light green foliage. The high centred double Mowers are freely produced and striped red and white.

SUNBLAZE. Long lasting rosette flowers of a dazzling deep vermilion. 1 2 ins.

ROSE SPECIES AND THEIR HYBRIDS

ROSA ALBA CELESTIAL. Soft clear pink, exquisitely formed buds opening to semi-double

flowers of great beauty. It is very tough and hardy making a bush about 8 ft high. One of

our loveliest old roses. ROSA CANTABRIDGIENSIS. Creamy-yellow. The fragrant single flowers are produce.d

in such profusion as to cover the bush with thousands of flowers at

one time. It has nice feathery foliage. Vigorous up to 9 ft.

ROSA FORRESTII. Tall graceful shrub with small pink flowers, followed in

autumn by beautiful orange-red heps. 8 ft.

ROSA GALLICA VERSICOLOUR (ROSA MUNDI). Red, striped and Jyf

flecked with white. A dear old rose which has only to be seen ‘n r^Tjl

flower to be loved. 5 ft.

ROSA HOLODONTA. Pink flowers-but its greatest

beauty is in the late summer and autumn when its

beautiful bottle-shaped heps develop their

brilliant orange-red colour for a long

period. Vigorous up to 1 0 ft. ,

ROSA HUGONIS. Tall, upright growing

shrub. The small, double yellow

flowers, produced in spring

are complimented by the graceful

fern-like foliage. 7 ft.

ROSA MOYESII. Wine-red single flowers of

great beauty, followed by brilliant red

heps which are equally beautiful. Makes a

large bush, up to 10 ft and requires practically

no pruning. ROSA MOYESII GERANIUM. A smaller growing,

more compact form of the last variety. Flowers

and berries are similar. More suitable for the smaller garden. ROSA NEVADA. Large semi-double creamy-white flowers, sometimes

flushed with soft pink as they mature. The flowers wreathe the

long arching sprays in a way unmatched by any other rose. A

really wonderful variety. Up to 8 ft.

ROSA OMEIENSIS PTERACANTHA. An interesting shrub rose whose delicate fern-like foliage

contrasts with the huge and spectactular translucent thorns for which this shrub rose is

noted. The flowers are small, single white followed by red heps in autumn. 8 ft.

ROSA RUBRIFOLIA. Unique in its reddish-purple leaves and stems which are lovely for

decoration. The tiny, star-shaped, pink flowers are followed by clusters of round shining

bronzy-purple heps. 8 ft.

ROSA SPINOSISSIMA FRUHLINGSGOLD. Clear pale yellow, fading to creamy-white. Very

fragrant and a lovely shrub in every way. Up to 7 ft.

ROSA SPINOSISSIMA FRUHLINGSMORGEN. Bedecked with gorgeous single pink flowers

shaded gold; recurrent. Maroon coloured heps. 6 ft.

ROSA WILMOTTIAE. A lovely shrub, with arching spreys of greyish-green foliage, covered in

the early summer with masses of single mauve-pink flowers. 7 ft.

ROSA XANTHINA CANARYBIRD. Wreathed sprays of rich clear yellow flowers clothe the

bush in early summer, a truly glorious sight. An outstanding shrub rose. Up to 8 ft.

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