Chamaecyparis- False Cypress

Popular evergreen garden conifers. They occur in endless variation, from low to tall, from ordinary green to golden yellow or silvery, from normal branching to double twigs or leaves. It is impossible to mention all strains; consult a complete catalogue.

Situation:

The false cypress is fairly wind-resistant and is therefore often used as a windbreak. Naturally the evergreen foliage is an advantage. It also makes a fine specimen tree, which can give your garden interesting accents, as regards both colour and shape. Occasionally it is trimmed into a hedge.

Soil:

Preferably rich, reasonably damp sandy or loamy soil. Heavy clay is less suitable.

Propagation:

As generally only cultivars are grown, it is e jsential to increase from cuttings, in order to maintain the individual characteristics. Cuttings are rootecf in summer under mist.

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana: Height to 30 m; in late spring it produces purple-red male flowers. ‘Allumii’ grows into a slender column; the dark-green foliage is initially covered in blue bloom; sometimes used for hedge making; ‘Columnaris’ is a narrow column with blue-green foliage; ‘Ellwoodii’, height 2-3 m, cone-shaped, bluish; ‘Erecta Viridis’, columnar, the foliage bright green; ‘Filiformis’, pyramidal growth, dark green, the twigs droop at the tip; ‘Forsteckensis’, small, spherical, with grey-green foliage; ‘Lane’, pyramid-shaped, a moderate grower, fine bright-green foliage; ‘Lutea’, slender column with somewhat drooping twigs, golden-yellow foliage; ‘Minima Glauca’, spherical, at a later stage growing out a little at the top, blue green; ‘Silver Queen’, pyramidal shape, striking grey-green foliage with silvery tips to the twigs; ‘Stewar-tii’, pyramidal growth and golden-yellow foliage; ‘Tharandtensis Caesia’, dwarf globular shape, only 50 cm tall, the foliage blue green; ‘Triomphe de Boskoop’, vigorous, very well known pillar shape, silvery foliage covered in blue bloom, quite often used for hedges; ‘Wisselii’, densely branching column, blue green in colour. Chamaecyparis nootkatensis: Height to 30 m; yellow-brown twigs, usually square in shape; dark-green scales without blue-white streaks or blotches, ‘Pendula’ is a 5-10 m tall weeping form, one of the finest conifers. Chamaecyparis ohtusa: Height to 30 m; the scales are blunt and blue edged, especially on the reverse, creating a Y-shape. ‘Crippsii’, 3-5 m tall, spreading habit, golden yellow; ‘Filicoides’, to 1.5 m, fern-like branching, dark green; ‘Gracilis’, pyramidal shape, the twigs are flattened at the tips; ‘Nana Gracilis’, as the previous form, but with pale-green foliage, maximum height 2 m, more spherical in shape; ‘Pygmaea’, spherical, spreading, bluish in colour; ‘Tetragona Aurea’, irregular habit, broad, magnificent golden-yellow colour.

Chamaecyparis pisifera: Height to 30 m, ornamental varieties much lower; flattened brown twigs, widely spreading, pointed dark-green scales, blue-streaked on the reverse. ‘Aurea’ has golden-yellow foliage; in ‘Boulevard’, young trees have very pale blue-green foliage, pyramidal shape; ‘Filifera’ has long, drooping twigs, green; ‘Filifera Aurea’, ditto, but yellow in colour; ‘Plumosa’ has plume-shaped twigs, pyramidal habit, to 10 m; ‘Plumosa Aurea’, ditto, but golden yellow.

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