Climbing roses – Rosa varieties

Roses for walls, fences and pillars. There are climbing roses in a wide range of colours and sizes to suit all kinds of garden. They flower beautifully year after year and are not difficult to grow, as long asyoufolloiy afeiy basic rules.

ANNUAL CALENDAR

SPRING

February-March:

Feed by sprinkling bone meal or proprietary fertilizer around the plant. Train new shoots as they develop during spring and onwards.

SUMMER

July:

Feed again with bone meal or fertilizer. Keep a look-out for aphids as flowers develop and treat at once.

Treat diseases if they occur. Flowers appear at some time during the summer, depending on the type grown.

AUTUMN

September-October:

Some climbers flower again.

Prune flowering shoots by cutting back to 2-3 buds.

Prepare ground for planting.

November:

Plant, as long as the ground is not wet or frozen.

WINTER

December-February:

Colourful hips last well on some varieties. You can still plant if the ground is not frozen.

Position

Plant climbers for growing up a wall with the roots fanned away from the dry area at the foot of the wall, and 50cm away from the wall itself. When growing a climber up a tree, plant at least 1m away. , PRUNING, 1

Climbing roses need less, pruning than most types of, rose, but do need some, training. Prune in October leaving the established, woody framework, but cut-, ting back the side shoots by about two thirds. Cut out dead or damaged growth.

Do not prune new main stems but tie them in. As old stems become unproductive, cut them back. New stems will replace them

HEALTHY PLANTS

Some plants are more resistant to disease than others, but this depends partly on the growing conditions in your area. Select varieties you have seen doing well in your area, and choose strong, healthy plants from your garden centre. To ensure the best resistance, take good care of your roses.

M ost gardens have room for a climbing rose. Many prefer lots of sun, but some thrive in shade and, while some need lots of room, others grow in limited space.

The difference between climbers and ramblers can be confusing. Climbers flower from current growth on woody stems, while ramblers flower on stems that grow up from the base of the plant each year after flowering. Ramblers normally have one flowering period but climbers flower over a long period or have a repeat flowering. Their flowers are usually larger than those of ramblers.

Climbers are better for growing on house walls or for any enclosed situation.

Where to plant

Climbing roses do well growing up a wall, scrambling through a tree or along a free-standing trellis.

Training consists of bending over new stems and tying them to horizontal wires or a trellis. If you keep them growing hori- zontally they will produce abundant flowering laterals (side shoots).

Encourage stems to grow around a pillar or similar structure to give a spiral of flowers. To train a rose to climb up a tree, start it off by tying stems to canes leading to a tree.

POPULAR VARIETIES

‘Compassion’, apricot-pink to copper-orange tolerates shade and poor soil, double, scented; repeat flowering, suits north-facing wall ‘Danse du Feu’, light, bright scarlet; double tolerates shade, suits north- , repeat flowering, facing wall ‘Gloire de Dijon’, buff to apricot-pink; scented;, best grown against a warm , repeat flowering, wall ‘Handel’, cream, rose-tipped petals; scented;, needs protection from mildew , repeat flowering, but not from weather ‘Kiftsgate’, white in trusses; scented;, tolerates shade, ideal for large , single flowering, trees ‘Maigold’, large, yellow double; scented;, tolerates poorer soil, suits , single flowering, north-facing wall ‘Mermaid’, large, yellow single; scented;, tolerates shade, suits north- , continuous flowering, facing wall ‘Mme Alfred Carriere’, ivory flushed pink; scented;, tolerates shade and poorer , continuous flowering, soil, suits north-facing wall ‘Pink Perpetue’, deep pink, double; repeat flowering tolerates poorer soil and shade ‘Shot Silk’, salmon-orange with cherry pink tolerates shade and poorer soil, double; scented, suits north-facing wall

Climbing roses

SITUATION

Up walls or fences, over trellises and arches or up pillars. Large climbers can be trained into trees. Varieties can be found for most situations, including shaded, north-facing walls.

SOIL

Neutral or slightly acid soil, well-drained and fairly rich in humus. Add organic matter if necessary. Replace soil where ground is chalky or if planting where a rose has just been growing.

CARE

Plant, train and prune carefully. Tie in wall-grown plants to wires or trellis; train plants up canes to climb in trees; wind stems round pillars and tie in as they grow.

A climbing rose looks stunning grown to frame a door. Choose a larger variety if you want it to spread up the wall.

PLANT HEALTH

Like all roses, climbers may be attacked by aphids (greenfly and blackfly).

Inspect plants regularly, and spray with a jet of water as soon as you see any sign of aphids. Blackspot is a fungal infection which may cause black spots to appear on leaves, which yellow and drop if not treated. Spray with an appropriate fungicide. Mildew may cause white powdery deposits on both leaves and buds. Treat this with a suitable fungicide.

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