Common White Jasmine – Jasminum officinale

If the many climbing suitable for growing outdoors, few possess such a lovely fragrance as the Common White Jasmine.

It is a hardy, deciduous plant that can be grown outdoors throughout the year in most parts of Britain, although it also makes a suitable plant for a cool greenhouse.

Young plants will thrive indoors but will eventually become too large to be contained in an ordinary-sized room.

The long, twining stems carry mid-green leaves, composed of five to nine small leaflets. The flowers grow in small clusters at the end of the stems.

A vigorous plant, Common White Jasmine will eventually reach a height of 3m (loft). The flower clusters are 5-8cm (2-3in) in length.

Colours and forms

As its name suggests, Common White Jasmine, Jasminum officinale, produces white blooms. However, the more upright form J. grandiflorum has white flowers tinged with red on the undersides of the petals, while those of J. officinale affine are edged with pink. Both forms also produce larger flowers than the variety.Common White Jasmine - Jasminum officinale

A form with variegated foliage is J. officinale ‘Aureo-variegatum’ which has green leaves marked with creamy-yellow.

Display ideas

Outdoors, Common White Jasmine should be planted in a large pot or small tub that is placed against a wall, railing or fence. You will have to supply some form of support around which the stems can twine. Wire or wooden trellising is ideal, although tall bean poles will do. Indoor plants can be trained to grow around a wire hoop, at least until growth becomes too lengthy.

Propagation

Common White Jasmine can be propagated from cuttings taken during the spring or autumn.

1 Take tip or stem cuttings 8-10cm (3-4in) long. Insert them in 5cm (2in) pots of peat and sand.

2 Pull a polythene bag over each pot to retain moisture, and give pots bottom heat. A radiator set at 18°-21°C (65°-70°F) is ideal.

3 The cuttings take 4-6 weeks to root. Once they have rooted remove the polythene bag. Harden them off for a few days before potting on into 10cm (4in) pots of rich, soil-based potting compost. Pinch out the tips regularly to encourage bushy growth on your Common White Jasmine.

Training your plant

1 To grow indoor plants around a cane or wire hoop, insert the cane or wire into either side of the pot to a depth of two-thirds the height of the pot.

2 Very carefully twine the stems around the hoop, and if necessary secure at intervals with a piece of string or thread. As the stems grow, train them to continue to circle around the hoop. This provides a very attractive method of displaying your plant.

Pests And Diseases

Common White Jasmine is a hardy plant that is seldom attacked by pests or disease, although aphids may strike.

Weak growth is a sign of aphids, as is the sticky honeydew they excrete on leaves and stems. Treatment: Spray the entire plant with a solutioh of soapy water and repeat if necessary.

PLANT CARE

This plant will almost take care of itself when provided with the right conditions. Once flowering has finished thin out the shoots, but do not cut back unless space is limited.

  • Potting: Use a nourishing, fast-draining, soil-based potting compost. Repot only when the plant has outgrown its pot. The maximum size should be 25-30 cm (10-12 in).
  • Water generously in the spring and summer and sparingly in the winter.
  • Feeding: Feed every 2 weeks in the growing season with a standard liquid fertilizer, do not feed in winter.

BEST GROWTH ENVIRONMENT

  • Light: The plant does best in a position where it will get full sun.
  • Temperature: A hardy plant, it will withstand winter conditions outdoors. Summer temperatures of 20-24°C (68-75°F) are fine.

Buying Tips

  • Common White Jasmine is available in the spring and summer from garden centres and nurseries. It is a popular plant so it should not be difficult to obtain.
  • Choose a well-established plant with good growth and undamaged stems and roots.
  • Properly cared for, Common White Jasmine will live for many years.
  • Common White Jasmine is a graceful plant that produces fragrant flowers. Young plants can be grown indoors, but this climber thrives best in a tub on the patio or balcony.

Sorry, comments are closed for this post.