is found in several parts of the garden. In the rockery you will see the Alpine and in the flower beds both Sweet William and the Annual are popular. This section deals with the varieties – the Border Carnations, the Old-fashioned and the Modern Pinks. All form tufts of grassy grey-green with borne on upright . Perfume is an important feature and all will flourish in chalky soil and urban smoke. The Border Carnations produce stout stems and the blooms are large. Staking is essential. A typical is quite different from a typical Pink, but the dividing line is not clear cut. Pinks have more delicate stems, narrower , smaller and a more dainty appearance.
Flowering period: July (southern counties), August (northern counties). After a few seasons the plants deteriorate and will need to be replaced. The petals are smooth-edged (unlike the serrated petals of the Florist Carnation) and there are selfs (single colour), fancies (2 or more colours) and picotees (pale colour with a darker edging). The list of varieties is enormous – you will find names like ‘Edenside Fairy’, ‘Consul’, ‘Fiery Cross’ and ‘Perfect Clove’. Old-fashioned Pinks grow about 1 ft high and should be planted 1 ft apart. There is a single flush of flowers in June and they are slow growing, but there is still a place for ‘Mrs Sinkins’ and ‘White Ladies’ (white), ‘Excelsior’ (carmine) and ‘Emil Par6’ (pink). The Modern Pinks (hybrids of D. allwoodii) are steadily taking over because they are quicker growing and have a ‘perpetual-flowering’ habit, blooming in June and July and again in autumn. Choose your Pinks from this Modern group – there are ‘Doris’ (salmon-pink), ‘Show Pearl’ (white), ‘Robin’ (scarlet) and many others.
SITE AND SOIL: Any well-drained garden soil which is not acid will do – choose a sunny spot.
PROPAGATION: Sowunder glass in April or plant in a cold frame in July. Alternatively layer side shoots in August.
By careful selection you can ensure that your border will be in bloom during every month of the year. For each month there is a list of perennials which can be expected to be in full flower-rememberthat some of these plants may come into bloom earlier and can continue to flower for many weeks afterwards.
Acanthus spinosusfilipendulina Agapanthus africanus Anchusaazurea Campanula spp. Dianthus caryophyllus Echinacea purpurea Echinops ritro Eryngium spp. Gaillardiaaristata Helenium autumnale decapetalus Heliopsisscabra Hosta spp. uvaria Ligularia dentata Limonium latifolium
Lysimachia clethroides Macleaya cordata Oenothera missouriensis Phlox spp.
Physostegia virginiana Polygonum affine Potentilla hybrids Rudbeckiafulgida Salvia superba Saponaria officinalismalvaefiora Solidago hybrida Stachys lanata Stokesia laevis dipterocarpum Tradescantia virginiana Verbascum hybridum
Acanthus spinosus Achillea filipendulina Agapanthus africanus Anaphalis spp.japonica novi-belgii rubell Cimicifuga foetida heracleifolia Cortaderiaselloana Echinacea purpurea Eryngium spp. hookeri uvaria spicata Ligularia dentata Liriope
Physostegia virginiana um Polygonum affine
Potentilla hybrids Rudbeckiafulgida Salvia superba Saponaria officinalis Schizostylis coccineaspectabile Solidago hybrida Stokesia laevis Tradescantia virginiana odorata