Elmshorn

A rewarding, easy-to-grow rose

Choose ‘Ehnshorn’ to make a vibrant bedding display or glorious hedge. II is repeat flowering, healthy and bedecked with bunches of bright pink blooms.

This adaptable rose will flower happily in poor soils and shady corners.

ANNUAL CALENDAR

SPRING

March-April:

Prune specimen shrubs and those grown as hedging.

Apply a rose fertilizer.

SUMMER

May-July:

Cut back spent flower trusses to a new bud. July: Give second application of rose fertilizer, either granular at the base of the plant or foliar, sprayed on the leaves.

AUTUMN

August-September:

Plan new plantings and prepare planting sites. October-November: Plant new roses.

WINTER

December-February:

Plant new roses whenever the ground is workable (not frozen or waterlogged).

PRUNING,

Careful pruning helps to maintain a healthy plant. Use sharp secateurs so you do not tear the wood. Cut just above an outward-facing bud, slant- ing down and away from the bud. Modern shrub roses such as ‘Elmshorn’ do not require hard pruning. Just aim to keep the plant tidy. Remove all dead and diseased stems and thin, weak growth, cutting back to healthy, white wood. Cut back any overlong shoots as they appear.

HEDGE CLIPPING

Over the years, a tall-growing hedge of ‘Elms-horn’ can become bare of flowers and foliage at the bottom. To avoid this, prune each shrub individually, cutting main stems back to different lengths. Do not use hedge trimmers in an effort to make a neat, geometric hedge. Roses have an informal habit and should be used where a soft outline is called for.

The ‘Elmshorri is a modem shrub rose, one of a group popularly used in mass plantings of one variety or, due to its generous size, as a mixed border specimen.

Introduced back in 1951, ‘Elmshorn’ has been a popular choice for all types of garden ever since.

The first midsummer flowering flush is followed by a second display in late summer. As well as the attraction of masses of cherry-red flowers, the foliage is a pleasant grey-green with a slightly crinkled surface texture.

Planting

Autumn is the best time of year for planting the ‘Elmshorn’ rose.

Make planting holes 45- 60cm wide, and deep enough so the graft union (bulge where rootstock and stem join) is at least 2.5cm below the soil surface.

If you are planting several ‘Elmshorns’ as a hedge, allow at least 1m between each plant.

Break up the bottom of the hole and stir in some rotted manure. Mix a handful of bone meal into the soil removed from the hole.

Sprinkle soil around the roots to hold the rose in position while you backfill the planting hole.

When the hole is two-thirds filled, gently shake the plant up and down to work soil around the roots.

Finish filling the hole, and gently tread around the plant to firm the soil.

Top-dress with a mulch (covering layer) of well-rotted manure or compost.

If planted as a hedge, 2 single, light pruning tc remove spent clusters aftei the first flowering ensures a second show.

Elmshorn

SITUATION

Plant in sun or shade. If planting in a border as a specimen shrub, be sure to allow for its height and spread so it does not engulf smaller-growing neighbours. Good as a hedging plant.

SOIL

Thrives in good, medium-textured soil that is slightly acid, but also tolerates poor soil. Dig poor clay soil before planting, incorporating well-rotted manure or compost.

CARE

Deadhead (remove dead flower-heads). Prune to maintain shape only, cutting out dead, diseased and twiggy wood. Mulch (cover ground) yearly with a layer of well-rotted compost. , , , V

IMPORTANT

If ‘Elmshorn’ is growing in sandy or chalky soil, or trained against a wall, water regularly in dry spells. If you have a hose, turn the tap on low and let water trickle gently around the base of the plant. In heavy and clay soils it is more resistant to drought and should not need watering.

PLANT HEALTH

‘Elmshorn’ is a healthy rose, but aphids can still be a problem. Begin spraying in early summer at the first sign of infestation. Later in the year watch for caterpillars damaging foliage, and remove them.

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