Growing Guide: Anemone – Windflower

The anemone genus is by no means restricted to the attractive little flowers available from florists in their season. It also includes valuable spring-flowering garden species, not to mention the magnificent perennial anemones which flower in autumn. Briefly, the following groups may be distinguished:

Spring-flowering anemones, which do not develop tubers (A. nemorosa and A. sylvestris).

Tuberous anemones (A. apennina, A. blanda, A. coro-naria, A. X fulgens and A. pavonina).

Autumn-flowering anemones (A. japonica hybrids, A. hupehensis, A. tomentosa and A. vitifolia).

Situation:

A. nemorosa, the wood anemone, will thrive under trees and shrubs. A. sylvestris, the snowdrop anemone of Europe, must be grown in calcereous soil in a rock garden. The tuberous-rooted anemones are fine spring-flowering species; the blue anemone in particular is very popular in combination with many bulbous plants. The strains of A. coronaria are not easy to grow. The autumn-flowering anemones are the most useful garden plants, even though they are not entirely winter-hardy. They are very suitable for borders and among groups of shrubs, as they tolerate shade.

Soil:

Anemone apennina and A. blanda prefer acid soil, the other species require nutritious garden soil with good drainage, otherwise the roots will rot in winter.

Propagation:

All pure species can be raised from seed. In addition it is nearly always possible to increase by division. Anemone japonica can be grown from root cuttings.

Anemone apennina: Height 15-20 cm; blue, pink or white flowers from mid to late spring. Grow in partial shade in the rock garden.

Anemone coronaria: Height 25-35 cm; large radial flowers in shades of, red, white or blue, single or double; flowering season spring or summer. The best known groups are single-flowered Caen, double-flowered Caen and St Brigid anemones. The corms are planted in spring and carefully covered in winter. As a rule they only last one season.

Anemone hupehensis: Height 60-100 cm; flowering season early autumn, colours wine red or rose red. A beautiful, dwarf species.

Anemone japonica hybrids, Japanese anemone: Height 50-100 cm; autumn-flowering with single or double, white, rose-red or pale-pink flowers from late summer to mid-autumn: ‘Honorine Jobert’, single, white; ‘Queen Charlotte’, semi-double, white tinged with lilac pink; ‘Coupe d’Argent’, semi-double, white. If possible provide some protection in winter.

Anemone nemorosa, wood anemone: Height 15 cm; white, slightly bluish or pinkish flowers throughout spring.

Anemone pavonina: Height 20-30 cm; large flowers in various shades in late spring and early summer. The tubers are planted in the autumn; the best known variety being ‘St Bavo’.

Anemone sylvestris: Height 20-40 cm; the matt white flowers appear in mid to late spring, the reverse of the petals being covered in silky hairs. Not very easy to cultivate.

Anemone tomentosa: Height 30-50 cm; lilac-pink flowers in late summer and early autumn. ‘Robustissima’ is the strongest variety, but should nevertheless be covered in winter.

Anemone vitifolia: Height 40-40 cm; white flowers in mid to late summer. Makes an excellent border plant.

 

Anemone - Windflower

Anemone

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