Some sun is required by most, but apart from this, they are on the balcony and the wide variety of shapes and colours, as well as the , will provide interest throughout the year. Herbs come in a wide range of sizes from the taller angelica, fennel, lovage and borage which can all grow to over 1m (39in), to the smallest Greek basil, chives, curled parsley, thyme or winter savory which are unlikely to grow over 30cm (12in). When planning a herb-filled balcony you need to bear in mind that the tallest herbs should be grown in large containers against the side or back walls and the smaller varieties should be grown in a window-box at the front or in hanging baskets or boxes on shelves along a wall.
Leaf shape and colour
Consider leaf shape and colour when positioning herbs, some not commonly used in food like rue and tansy are worth growing for their decorative. Many herbs have variegated like mint and thyme or different coloured leaves such as sage and basil, so mixing the varieties creates interest.
Allowing herbs to flower
If you let herbs flower you will shorten the period in which they can be harvested. However, some of theare decorative as well as edible and can be used to add taste and decoration to food.
Borage, chive and nasturtium are good examples. In order to have both flowers = and leaves for flavouring food, remove flower heads from some plants so that you can use the leaves, and let the others take their natural course, flower and provide the colour.
Where toyour herb garden
Most herbs need sun for at least part of the day to do well. Balconies often have the advantage of bright light, unshaded by trees or other buildings, so many herbs
will survive happily on an east or west as well as south-facing balcony. Those that need less sun are mint, winter savory, rue, chives, lemon balm, angelica, sorrel. Those that require sun to bring out the aroma include basil, coriander, tarragon, thyme, sage, borage, dill, fennel, parsley, marjoram and rosemary.
Some large tubs will be necessary if you want to include the tall herbs mentioned above (check the weight your balcony can take.) Hook window boxes along the balcony rail for small plants but make sure they are well secured.
Group a number of tubs in one corner with tall borage, fennel, dill or angelica at the back. Place some medium height herbs, 30-60cm (1-2ft), in front of these such as lemon balm, mint, sorrell, rosemary, sage, or tarragon and then add lowof the small herbs in front.