Cabbage crops may be harvested almost all year round (A.Y.R.), using different types of cabbage for the various seasons.


Summer-Maturing Cabbage

Sow the earliest crops under glass from mid-January to late February. When seedlings reach the two-leaf stage place under unheated glass or polythene.

Sow outdoors in the open at regular intervals throughout March, April and May to produce a succession.

Spacing 45 cm x 60 cm (18 x 24 inch), or closer for smaller heads.

Spring Cabbage

Sow in shallow drills 1.25 – 2.5 cm (½ – 1 inch) deep in rows 15 cm (6 inch) apart in July. Plant out with a dibber into the cropping site in September/October, aiming to get the plants well-established before the onset of winter.

Spacing 15 x 37.5 – 62.5 cm (6 x 15 – 25 inch).

(N.B. There is always a risk that a candidate in the exam, when asked to state when Spring Cabbage should be sown, will give the answer – in the springI Thousands have done it in the past I)

Winter Cabbage

Sow in drills 1.25 – 2.5 cm (½ – 1 ) deep, 15 – 22.5 cm (6 – 9 inch) apart in April/June.

Spacing 30 – 60 cm x 45 – 60 cm (12 – 24 inch x 18 – 24 inch) apart; 60 x 45 cm (24 x 18 inch) for large heads and 45 x 30 cm (18 x 12 inch) for smaller heads.

Pest and Disease Table

Pest Damage Control

Caterpillars of Cabbage white, large & small cabbage moth. Eat foliage Hand-pick or spray with derris or Bacillus thuringiensis

Flea beetle Small holes in seedling leaves Spray seedlings with deltamethrin

Cabbage root fly Small white maggots eat roots Destroy infested plants

by burning

Seed dressings/Brassica



Disease Club root Swollen knobbly roots Treat soil with cresylic acid

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