Hamamelis is indigenous in North America and Asia and comprises six species; apart from H. virginiana, they are all winter-.
This is a deciduous, broad, woody-stemmed shrub with asymmetricaland tightly packed, yellow, copper-coloured or reddish-brown , which grow on the bare, greyish-brown wood in small , and have four short sepals and four long, often curling petals. It has large woody capsules which burst open when ripe, forcefully expelling the . Cut branches will flower indoors in a vase in January/February.
H. x intermedia hybrids, crosses of e.g., H. japonica and H. mollis, are very different in the shape and colour of theand the size of the flowers, e.g., ‘Arnold Promise’ is an erect shrub with large, pale yellow flowers in March and reddish foliage in autumn; ‘Diane’ is a vigorous, erect shrub which flowers in February with large red flowers, turning orange-brown, and reddish foliage in autumn; ‘Feuerzauber’ is a vigorous, broad shrub which has large, brownish-red flowers in January-February; ‘Jelena’ is a broad shrub which flowers profusely in December-February, with very large, copper-coloured, orange-yellow flowers; ‘Ruby Glow’ is a broad shrub which flowers in February with dark, reddish-brown flowers; ‘Vezna’ flowers in January-February with large, copper-coloured flowers; ‘Westerstede’ is an erect shrub which flowers in March with slightly fragrant, bright yellow flowers. H. japonica, Japanese witch hazel, is a broad shrub up to 3 m tall, which flowers in February-March. It has diagonally erect and bare or slightly hair}’, broad, oval, pointed leaves, 5-10 cm long, and aromatic flowers with bright red sepals and narrow, curling, yellow petals; ‘Zuccariniana’ flowers in March, and has green sepals and sulphur-yellow petals. H. mollis, Chinese witch hazel, is a broad shrub, 2.5-4 m tail, which flowers profusely in (December) January-February. The young shoots and wavy, round, or broad, oval, pointed leaves are covered in soft hair, and it has fragrant flowers with dark red sepals and straight, bright yellow petals, 2 cm long; ‘Pallida’ is very broad and flowers profusely with large beautifully fragrant, sulphur-yellow flowers. It has yellow foliage in autumn.
H. virginana, Virginian witch hazel, is a bushy shrub up to 4 m tall, which flowers in September-October. It has roughly serrated leaves which turn a beautiful golden-yellow in autumn, small, pale yellow flowers at the same time as the fruits which ripen only in the following autumn. The bark, branches, juice andof this species are used for purposes. It tolerates more shade and requires moist, acid soil. Plant in a prominent against a dark background, in the sun or semi-shade, in acid, sandy soil, rich in humus. as little as possible; remove dead wood and ugly branches. Cut thin shoots with buds to flower indoors. Propagate by in moist sand (species), by and grafting.
- The allure of witch hazel flowers (telegraph.co.uk)