HELENIUM Sneezewort

Erect and easy-to-grow perennials for the middle and back of the border, regarded by many as an indispensable source of yellows and reds in late summer. Each of the large Daisy-like flowers has a prominent central disc and the blooms are excellent for indoor decoration. Mulch around the stems in spring and water in dry weather. Provide support for the stems if the site is exposed and dead-head spent blooms. The quality of the flowers steadily deteriorates – to avoid this, lift the clumps every few years and divide them, retaining only the vigorous outer sections.

VARIETIES: By far the most popular variety of H. autumnale is ‘Moerheim Beauty’ – bronze red and an example of the average-sized Helenium: height 3 ft. Spacing 2 ft and

Flowering period: July-September. Others in this range include ‘Butterpat’ (golden yellow) and ‘Coppelia’ (orange and red). There are also late-flowering giants, such as ‘Chipperfield Orange’ (4.5 ft. August-October) and early dwarfs, such as ‘Crimson Beauty’ (2 ft. June).

SITE AND SOIL: Any well-drained garden soil will do – thrives in sun or light shade.

PROPAGATION: Divide clumps in autumn or spring.

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