Japanese anemone

Height: 60-120cm (2-4ft)

Planting: distance 60cm (2ft)

Features: flowers summer to autumn

Soil: fertile, moist, well-drained

Site: sun or partial shade

Type: herbaceous

Japanese anemone (Anemone bitpehensis, A. bitpebensis van japonica, A. x bybrida, A. uitifolia and A. tomentosa) flowers from late summer to mid autumn, providing colour late in the season when many other plants are past their best.

The flowers come in white or shades of rose-pink, with yellow stamens, and may be single, semi-double or double. They open out flat when mature, and are held in loose, open clusters above dark green, lobed leaves. The plants are free flowering after their first year.

The foliage, dense at the bottom of the plant, becomes lighter and smaller-leaved further up, leaving the upper 30-60cm (I-2ft) of the flowering stems almost bare of leaves.

Popular varieties:

and hybrids Anemone bupehensis ‘September Charm’ has clear pink flowers. Anemone bupehensis van japonica ‘Bressingham (How’ has semi-double, rose-red flowers and reaches 60cm (2ft) high. Anemone x hybrida ‘I lonorine Jobcrt’ (syn. ‘Alba’) has large, white flowers and grows up to 1.2m (4ft) high; Konigin Charlotte (syn. ‘Queen Charlotte’) has semi-double, pale pink flowers; ‘Kriemhilde’ has semi-

‘Lorelei’) has delicate, semi-double, rose-pink blooms; ‘Luise Uhink’ has large, semi-double, white blooms; ‘Margarete1 (syn. ‘Lady Gilmour’) has deep pink, almost double flowers; ‘Whirlwind* has semi-double, white flowers. Anemone tomentosa is similar to the Japanese anemones previously described, but is earlier flowering. It is robust, grows up to 1.5m (5ft) high and has single, pink flowers. Anemone vitifolia is a rare species with vine-like leaves. It grows to 90cm (3ft) high and has single, white flowers.


Plant from early autumn to early spring in any fertile, moist, well-drained soil in sun or partial shade.

Propagation: Divide and replant during non-frosty weather between early autumn and early spring.

Lake root cuttings between late autumn and mid winter and grow in a cold frame. When three leaves have developed, line out the young plants in nursery rows and plant out in early autumn the following year.

Pests and diseases: Ilea beetles may eat small holes in the leaves of seedlings. Caterpillars sometimes eat the leaves, flowerbuds and stems of older plants. Aphids may infest the stems and leaves, making them sticky and sooty. Slugs may attack young shoots.

Several diseases may affect anemones. Symptoms include stunted growth, yellowing or distorted leaves, and flowers of poor size and colour.

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