Borecole and kale are the same, and are popularly known as winter greens, as they provide abundant supplies of excellent green food even during the severest winters. They require a deep, moderately rich soil and will tolerate a little shade. For first cropnot earlier than the beginning of March, and about the end of April. These will have formed sturdy plants, and be ready for final planting toward the latter part of May, for use in early winter. A should be made between the middle of May and mid-June, pricked out and planted in beds in July, to furnish a supply during winter and spring. The variety Hungry Gap which is exceptionally hardy is best sown in June or July to use the following May. The plants should be from 2—2 ½ ft. apart each way, put in firmly, carefully watered when necessary, and in , the top or heart of the plant should be taken first. All kales must be cut when young, otherwise the flavour is acrid. A good crop to follow when potatoes or peas have been lifted. Carrots, lettuces and radishes can be sown between the rows.
A mixture of 2 parts superphosphate of lime to 1 of sulphate of potash can be applied when transplanting. Do not give any nitrogenous fertilisers in late summer as they may encourage soft growth which will possibly fail to stand the winter.
KALMIA, CALICO BUSH or AMERICAN LAUREL FLOWERING SHRUB. This is of the nature of laurel, is evergreen and runs from 1 ft. to about 10 ft. high. The stagger bush is the sheep laurel (Kalmia angustifolia), and the calico bush the mountain laurel (K. latifolia), while K. polifolia (glauca) with bright greenwhich are glaucous beneath is another attractive species. Of these, the first averages only 2 ft. in height, with purple in May; the second, 10 ft., pink blossom, very profuse, in spring; the last, rose-tinted blossom, April to May, grows to about 18 in. Do not plant in chalky soil; give them peat and mould; keep them moist. Propagation is best by under glass (the is tiny) or by under glass.