Ligularia: Growing Guide

Beautiful perennials with very large leaves and large, yellow-orange flowers. In some catalogues they are still arranged under the name Senecio.

Situation:

Pronounced shade plants; in the sun they will soon droop, even if the soil is adequately damp. Very suitable for borders, also excellent in semi-wild parts of the garden. Provided their situation is well chosen, the plants are extremely strong and will in the course of time develop into large clumps. They flower most profusely in light shade.

Soil:

Damp soil, rich in humus, containing sufficient nutrients to maintain the luxuriant flowering. The banks of natural ponds are particularly suitable.

Propagation:

The clumps are easily divided in spring.

Ligularia dentata syn Ligularia clivorum: Height 100-150 cm; flowering season mid summer to early autumn. The large composite flowers consist of orange-yellow, strap-shaped ray florets and dark-brown discs; they are arranged in loose umbels. The large, bright-green leaves are heart-shaped and serrated along the margin. One of the best known garden varieties is ‘Othello’, easily recognised by its foliage, which is dark red on the reverse; the flowers are bright orange.

Liguria X hessei: Hybrid, height to 150 cm; short, narrow spikes of yellow flowers in late summer to early autumn. Ligularia japonica: Height to 2.5 m; orange-yellow flowers in elongated spikes in late summer to early autumn. The large palmate leaves are deeply incised and long-stalked. A striking foliage plant. Ligularia X palmatiloba: Hybrid, height to 150 cm; golden-yellow flowers in loose umbels in late summer to early autumn. The leaves are extremely large. Ligularia przewalskii: Height to 150 cm; small golden-yellow flowers in a slender, elongated spike mid summer to early autumn. The foliage resembles that of the cow parsnip .

Ligularia veitcbiana: Height to 2 m; bright-yellow flowers in long spikes in early to mid autumn. The large heart-shaped leaves are long-stalked and clearly serrated. Ligularia wilsoniana: Height to 2 m; yellow flowers in elongated cylindrical, rather than pyramidal, spikes early to mid autumn. The leaves are more kidney-shaped than in the other species.

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