Do not grow Ligularia unless you have moisture-retentive soil, a large space to fill and some shade overhead. The large, deeply incised leaves cover the ground and effectively smother weeds, and in summer the flower-heads appear. Each individual bloom is a yellow or orange Daisy.

But its size and arrangement on the plant will depend on the variety. Mulch around the plants in May, water copiously if there is a prolonged dry spell and cut back the stems when flowering is over. Lift the clumps every 3 years, divide and then replant.

VARIETIES: L. dentata (L. clivorum) is a popular species – you might find it and other Ligulanas listed under Senecio’ in the catalogues. Its basic features are height 3-4 It.

Spacing: 2.5 ft.

Flowering period: July-September The flowers are borne in large, spreading heads and the heart-shaped leaves are up to 1 ft across, purplish (’Desdemona’) or red underneath (’Othello’). The small yellow flowers of L. przewalskii The Rocket’ (5 ft) are borne on erect spikes

SITE AND SOIL: Moist soil and a partially shaded site are essential

PROPAGATION: Divide clumps in autumn or spring.

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