Lonicera- Honeysuckle

Extremely well known deciduous or evergreen climbing shrubs with fragrant large flowers. However, there are also many bushy forms, both evergreen and deciduous, with small, or at least less significant flowers.

Situation:

The climbing shrubs against shady or partially shaded walls, over pergolas, also as ground-cover. Bushy forms as strong plants for shady places or as small, tidy, evergreen shrubs along a house wall or a path.

Soil:

Honeysuckle is not fussy as regards soil, but if you want it to flower profusely it is nevertheless advisable to improve the soil with rotted manure and humus, especially if the shrub is to be grown against a house wall. If the wall keeps off the rain, there should be an adequate water supply.

Propagation:

From cuttings taken in summer or winter.

Climbing shrubs

Lonicera X brownii: Height to 4 m; fine orange-red flowers arranged in whorls from mid summer to early autumn; among the well known varieties are ‘Fuchsioides’ and ‘Dropmore Scarlet’. Tolerates a great deal of shade; deciduous.

Lonicera X heckrottii: Height to 2 m, not a very vigorous climber; flowers purple outside, pale-yellow inside, arranged in whorls, from early summer onwards. The deciduous foliage is dark green on the upper surface, blue green on the reverse.

Lonicera periclymenum, common honeysuckle: Height to 10 m; flowers in late spring and early summer and frequently again in early autumn. Forms on the market are usually garden varieties such as ‘Belgica’, violet purple outside, yellow-white inside, and ‘Serotina’, purple red, yellow inside; the latter can also be grown as a bush; deciduous.

Lonicera sempervirens, trumpet honeysuckle: Height to 3 m; yellow to scarlet flowers late spring to late summer, followed by red berries. In mild winters the leathery foliage is retained. Plant in a sheltered position, for instance against a west-facing wall. Evergreen shrubs

Lonicera nitida: Height to 2 m; white flowers, 1 cm across, in late spring and early summer. The leathery leaves are oval, not more than 1 cm long, green and glossy on the upper surface. ‘Elegant’ and ‘Hohenheimer Findling’ are the most hardy varieties. Lomcera pileata: Height to 50 cm; fragrant, pale-yellow flowers, 8 mm across, in mid to late spring. The leaves are 2-3 cm long and 0.5-1 cm across, green and glossy. More hardy than the previous species.

Lonicera ledebourii: Height to 1.5 m; yellow-orange to scarlet flowers in late spring and early summer. Dark-purple berries with red bracts. The leaves are thick, dark green, to 12 cm long.

Lonicera maacku: Height to 4 m; large creamy-white flowers, fragrant, in early summer. The berries are deep red.

Lonicera morrowu: Height to 3 m, spreading habit; initially white flowers, later turning yellow, in late spring and early summer. Red berries. Young shoots are covered in soft down.

Lonicera tatanca: Height to 3 m; rose-red flowers in late spring and early summer. Blood-red to coral-red berries. Oval leaves, heart-shaped at the base, 5 cm long, green on the upper surface, blue green underneath. ‘Alba’ has white flowers; ‘Zabelli’, deep pink.

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