Hardy perennials, and probably the most beautiful of the garden ferns.
These plants will thrive in any fairly shady place out of the wind. In the course of time they will develop into considerable clumps.
The soil must be constantly damp. Under trees the soil is often too dry and frequent spraying is essential. Ensure a plentiful humus supply.
By division in spring.
Matteuccia struthiopteris syn Struthiopteris germanica: Height to 90 cm, develops a small trunk withresembling ostrich feathers, and forming a bowl at the top. The sterile fronds are the largest and are also more erect growing. The fertile fronds bear the spores; they are smaller and remain erect all through the winter.