Handsome, deciduous trees which prefer moist, lime-free soils. Nyssa sylvatica will, however, tolerate a rather drier soil than other species. It has various other names, e.g. black gum, sour gum and Pepperidge tree. The large glossyassume rich tints of crimson and scarlet in autumn. The greenish-yellow appear in June followed by small bluish-black fruits. The ultimate height varies from 50 to 100 ft., but there are very few long established trees in this country. Propagation is by imported , by or by grafting on to of the same species in a heated .