Reference must be made to the Caucasian lilies extensively used by the Russians for hybridization – L. nionadclphuin, L. szovitsianum, and L. kcssclringianum.
Mitchurin was successful as long ago as 1914 in producing L. x fialkovaja (Violet Lily) from L. szovitsianum x L. x maadatum cross. Its up to 20 funnel-shaped, brick-orange-red blooms with carmine-tipped petals are violet-scented and of 3-inch diameter.
This lily was later used in a cross by S. N. Zwctajcwa (L. x fialkovaja x L. concolor) to produce L. x zwetajcwa hybrids in 1940. They blossom during June and have both erect and sideways-facing, cup-shaped, scentedranging from pale-yellow to dark brown-red accentuated by violet-tipped petals.
J. L. Saliwski bred L. x sestrorctskaja from L. dauricum and L. davidii var. willmottiae.
Unfortunately only a fewfrom Russian-bred lilies have found their way to the West. Despite this, and although the Russian lilies belong to other , this may be the opportune place to report on them.
A number of new lily hybrids bred by V. P. Orekhov found acceptance in Russia and were distributed there between 1950 and 1960. He worked, in part, with already known hybrids, but also with a number of species – L. x sestroretskaja, L x fialkovaja, L. x zwctajewa, L. x stroynaya and with the species L. amabile, L. davidii var. willmottiae, L. tigrimtm, L. dauricuiii, L. concolor, L. szovitsiamtm, L. monadelphum, and L. kesselringianum.
Careful selection of theresulted in a variety of hybrids which were divided into seven :
L. x Joy of Summer – L. x Vasurus Pricks
During 1954 the hybrid lily (L. sestroretskaja x L. zwctajcwa) was fertilized with a pollen mixture of L. amabile, L. davidii var. ivillmottiac, L. tigrimun, L. monadclphum, and L. stroynaya. The subsequently selected seedlings (14 clones were selected with particular care and later named) grow 4-5 feet high and carry 25-30 large, saucer-shaped blooms from the end of June onwards; large brown spots cover the pale orange to dark apricot-red flowers.
L. x Dreaming – L. x Saptiataja
Five clones were selected from the seedlings produced when L. x zwctajcwa hybrids were dusted with a pollen mixture similar to that used in the above group. They have large, pale orange, orange-red or apricot-pink Turk’s Cap blooms.
L. x Thoughtful-L. x Skuinfu
Again a case of L. x zwetajewa hybrids being fertilized with a pollen mixture. Nine clones were selected this time, mostly for their large, red, erect and outward-facing blooms.
L. x Golden Crown – L. x Zelta Vainags
A pollen mixture from red lilies was used in 1954 to fertilize the American L. x Golden Chalice hybrids. The seedlings of the seven selected clones have saucer-shaped, orange-gold-yellow flowers of 5-6 inches diameter, with pink-tipped petals and red-brown spots. Stem height: 5 feet.
L. x Seastar -Juras Zvaigne
The two clones selected from a cross between L. concolor x L. zwetajewa proved to be superior to the parents – 10-15 erect, saucer-shaped, shiny red blooms of 5-6-inch diameter in an umbel.
L. x Gay Fellow – L. x Sautrie Bemie
Between 20-30 star-shaped, pale orange to dark red-brown blooms perwere the result of dusting a specially selected (GVS-364-4-20) with pollen from L. davidii var. urillmottiae, L. amahile, and L. nwnadelphum.
L. x Daurskoy Hybrids – L. dauricum hybrids
Four clones: Hawk – saucer-shaped, dark red, 4 feet high; Modest -saucer-shaped, apricot-pink with yellow, 3 feet high; Night Queen – four to six velvety dark-red blooms up to 7 inches in diameter; Leopoldovich -very vigorous, 4-5 feet tall, saucer-shaped, red, 6-inch diameter blooms in umbel. All of them flower between June and July.
Various hybrids were raised in the Ukraine by V. K. Negrobov, one from L. centigale x L. longiflomm x L. regale and the other from L. formosanum x L. priiiceps x L regale: both lilies carry green-sheencd, cream-white trumpets, (NALS-LYB 1962, RHS-LYB 1965)
Mention must also be made of the self-fertile L. x zalivskii (L. formosanum var. pricei x L. longifiorum), which is hardier than L. hngifiorum.
Reports also indicate crosses betweenL. candidum x L. lcdebowii.