Prepare the ground well in autumn; if it has previously borne the same crop, do not manure it again, but leave it rough and get it to a suitable tilth by the end of January. Sow in a rich and somewhat sandy loam, in drills 15 in. apart, from February to April; push a dibber or crowbar well down, fill the hole with loose earth, press a couple ofin to about 1 in., and water. This takes time but results in good tapering parsnips without forked . When big enough, gradually thin out if necessary to 9 in. apart, but do no transplanting. Remove all weeds by frequent hoeing. Parsnips are much sweeter if left in till frosted. Offenham is a good variety which does well on shallow soils.