PEAT

As a component of mixed soil, peat has many uses. It is grand for helping the rooting of seedlings and to foster root growth generally. For lilies put some just below soil after putting in bulbs. It preserves from frost plants such as fuchsias, which are dormant in winter time, or early spring flowers which are planted in autumn; place it on the surface round the stems.

Peat, most effective in granulated form, is excellent for lightening heavy soils and for helping to conserve moisture on light, dry land. It is frequently used as a mulch in dry summer weather for roses etc. Moisten thoroughly before use. It has largely replaced leaf mould for potting composts, being free from weed seeds and fungus spores. Peat should be mixed freely with the soil when planting rhododendrons and ericas (heaths), and when black and decomposed is just right for all purposes. Fork it into the surface three weeks before transplanting seedlings. Peat moss is a more readily usable form. Note, however, that peat contains only a very small percentage of nitrates.

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