P. An attractive herbaceous plant which though not fully hardy will often survive very hard winters especially when given a sunny, sheltered position, e.g. under a south wall. It succeeds on heavy soil, given perfect drainage. The tubular orange-scarlet flowers are produced in July and August, often continuing well into autumn. Height 3 — 3 ½ ft. Leave undisturbed as long as possible. If fresh plants are needed, detach young basal shoots when the plant ‘breaks’ again in early spring.

PHYSALIS, CAPE GOOSEBERRY or CHINESE LANTERN These are border perennials, best reserved for cutting as the habit of growth is untidy and the flowering stems somewhat weak. The large, orange seed vessels or ‘lanterns’ should be cut for vases as they often remain in good condition for several months. Light, warm, well-drained soil is best and where conditions really suit, the plant may spread very rapidly. Easily increased by division in March. Physalis Bunyardii and P. Franchetti are well-known species, reaching about 15 in P. peruviana is the Cape gooseberry, really only suitable for a warm greenhouse. The edible fruits are used for dessert, jam and preserves.

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