Punica granatum

Pomegranate is native to a range from the eastern Mediterranean region to the Himalayas. Its edible fruit has brough about its cultivation throughout the entire sub-tropics. It is often grown in greenhouses as an ornamental plant and can be an unusual and very decorative feature grown in a large container indoors. The cultivar ‘Nana’ is smaller and hardier. The small glossy leaves and the vermilion red flowers are very attractive. The arrangement of the carpels is unique in the plant kingdom. They are in two whorls, one above the other, so that the ovary has two layers of locules. The fruit, the pomegranate, is a reddish berry with a persistent calyx that contains a large number of seeds with fleshy seed coats. It has a pleasant, acid flavour; the juice is used to flavour the syrup called grenadine. The genus Punica has only two species.

During the growth period, it requires full sun and a humid atmosphere. In winter, it needs lots of light, cool conditions – as low as 0°C (32° F) and limited watering. In summer it may be transferred to the garden. Propagate by tip cuttings and from seed.

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