FLOWERING SHRUB. The genusincludes the red and white currants derived from sativum, the black currant from R. nigrum and the gooseberry from R. grossularia. The flowering currants are mosdy very , succeeding on almost any soil and in sun or shade. Ribes sanguineum (American currant) is the best known, growing to about 6 ft., with rosy-red, mildly fragrant from late March into April. R. s. carneum is a flesh-pink form and Pulborough Scarlet a very rich red. R. aureum is the golden currant with bright yellow, clove-scented flowers followed by large black fruits, the colouring well in autumn. R. speciosum is the fuchsia-flowered gooseberry with small, scarlet flowers. It starts into growth early in the year and is best planted against a wall, when the foliage is less liable to frost injury, the plant then flowering more freely than in the open. All the above are increased by of ripe wood in October — about 9 in. long.