To enable gardeners to decide whether a particular rose is suitable for a purpose, their
(1) heights and
– have been included.
However, it must be remembered that under very good growing conditions, these are likely to be greater, and vice versa.
The heights, unless specified, are graded as below:
short: up to 2 ft. 3 in.
medium: 2 ft. 6 in.-3 ft. 6 in.
tall: 4 ft. upwards.
This has large, full, perfectly formed, wonderfully perfumed cherry-red, borne on strong . It is vigorous, a little under average height.
A 1972 introduction, a rose of promise, this has an outstanding brilliant vermilion colour. Theare large. It is vigorous and tall and appears to be healthy.
A unique rose with sweetly scented coral-red blooms, punctuated with golden yellow stripes and spots. It grows as a low compact bush. It can be used both in forward positions in borders and for bedding and its blooms are good for floral decoration.
The silvery-blue, full, shapely flowers are very fragrant. It is vigorous, of medium height. Good for floral decorations. The best of the ‘blue’ roses.
The large, full, well-shaped blooms are deep apple-blossom pink in the centre, paling to shell-pink on the edges, highly fragrant. It is vigorous, of medium height.
With its rich pink, canary yellow and copper tones, this has been aptly described as a ‘polychrome’. It has large, well-formed, slightly perfumed flowers. It is vigorous and tall-growing.
Duke of Windsor
This rose is brilliant orange-vermilion. It has very fragrant, full blooms of moderate size. It is vigorous, but forms compact, bushy plants that are not more than 2 ft. tall. It is a little prone to.
Ernest H. Morse
The blooms are a striking rich, turkey-red, full and of good form, very strongly scented. It is vigorous, upright growing tall and disease resistant.
A 1972 introduction of great promise. It has large, strongly perfumed, full blooms, deep rose-pink, slightly lighter on the reverse. It is vigorous, of medium height. Fred Gibson The apricot and old gold blooms are large, very full and of excellent shape; fragrance slight. It is vigorous, grows tall and is normally healthy. An outstanding exhibition rose.
Its lemon-yellow, very full, shapely, slightly scented flowers, fade to creamy yellow with a flushing of pink on their petal edges. Vigorous and tall, it is generally healthy. Long-lasting in water and excellent for showing and floral decorations.
Isobel De Ortiz
The large, fragrant, very full, perfect blooms are deep pink with silvery-white reverse. Very vigorous and tall; a superb exhibition rose.
This has deep rose-red, large fragrant, full flowers, borne either singly or several together. It is vigorous, branching and tall, with strong flower, making it excellent for .
Pure white with a slight green tinge in bud. Large well-formed, full flowers, produced freely on long stems, excellent for, slightly scented. A vigorous grower, medium height. It dislikes rain.
This has beautifully formed, fragrant, salmon-pink flowers, highly resistant to wet. It grows to medium height. Its flowers grow in trusses.
Its strongly perfumed flowers, moderately sized and very full, are a striking cerise pink, borne in clusters, as well as singly. It is robust, of medium height, resistant to diseases.
This famous rose has large, well-formed, slightly fragrant, creamy yellow flowers, edged with pink. It is exceptionally vigorous and tall, and although over thirty years old, it is still a bestseller. Excellent for cutting, showing and borders.
A lovely rose with flowers scarlet, flushed gold, with gold reverses, moderately full and high-pointed, slightly scented. It is vigorous and upright, of moderate height. It is the best bicolour.
Deep rose in colour, its flowers are large, full, perfectly formed and slightly perfumed, produced in large clusters, or, when disbudded, it produces excellent show blooms, and thus can be used for showing or grown informally. It is vigorous, of medium height, almost immune to diseases.
This has very large, perfect, scented, very full blooms, crimson, with a slightly paler hue on the reverse. It is vigorous, healthy, tall, but objects to rain.
White with slight blush pink. It has large, perfectly shaped, sweetly scented blooms on strong stems. It is vigorous, growing just above medium height. An excellent exhibition rose.
This has large, full, rosy-salmonpink flowers, lighter on the reverse. It is vigorous, of medium height. It is unaffected by bad weather.
A 1972 introduction. The fragrant blooms are brilliant deep yellow, well-formed and neat. It is strong growing, 2 ½ ft. tall. It flowers early.
The beautiful large, well-formed, cerise pink flowers come fairly early. It has a strong old-fashioned rose scent. It is vigorous, upright and tall.
With its medium-sized flowers, very shapely, strongly scented and golden orange in colour, this is an unusual rose of bushy growth, below medium height.
One of the best of the yellow floribundas, this has scented golden-yellow, well-formed flowers, semi-double and often 3 in. across. It is short and compact in growth.
This produces large trusses of semi-double, bright scarlet flowers, about 3 in. in diameter. It is vigorous and grows tall, withstands bad weather and is healthy.
This is another lovely yellow floribunda, with deep golden blooms, that change to creamy yellow with age. They are full, well-shaped, and very fragrant. It is vigorous, grows tall and upright and is usually very resistant to diseases.
A 1972 introduction. Its semi-double, large blooms are unfading carmine-pink. Vigorous and branching, 2 ft. tall. It appears to be healthy and weather resistant.
Bright orange-vermilion, slightly lighter on the reverse, the moderately full, well-formed flowers of this floribunda are produced in shapely clusters. It is a compact grower, of medium height. The blooms are much appreciated by flower arrangers.
This has neatly formed, moderately full, coppery orange blooms, a colour that is popular with flower arrangers. The fragrant flowers are often 31–4 in. across. It is moderately vigorous but forms a tall bush.
The flowers are yellow, edged and flushed with rose, with a predominance towards the latter. They are full and loosely formed, and borne in trusses of as many as twelve blooms. It is vigorous, reaching rather more than average height.
This has large clusters of semi-double vivid scarlet flowers. It is vigorous, of medium height. Generally it is healthy, but a lookout should be kept for mildew. It faces bad weather well.
This has plentiful, creamy white, double flowers, that open to show their stamens and are pleasantly perfumed. It is vigorous, of average height.
This is outstanding for its delicious fragrance. It is deep pink-rose in colour and its full, double flowers are well-shaped. It is a strong grower, on the short side in height. It flowers early.
The blooms, carried in small or medium trusses, are full, pure white, but the buds are sometimes tinged pink and the flowers are spotted pink in cool weather. It is vigorous and grows tall, sometimes reaching fo ft. and making a good hedge.
This rather older floribunda has withstood the test of time. It has brilliant vermilion, full flowers, 2 ½ in. across. Its growth is branching and short, and it is excellent for small gardens.
This is a sensational shade of beetroot purple. Its moderately full fragrant blooms are brilliantly lit up by their bright golden stamens. Bushy and compact, it reaches medium height.
The vermilion blooms are shaded orange at the base, moderately full and fragrant. It is vigorous and branching, a compact bush of medium height. It needs protection against mildew and black spot.
Its moderately full blooms rather prettily show their stamens in the centre of the beautiful multicoloured petals. The whole ensemble might be likened to a pink, carmine and white pelargonium. It has a bushy, compact habit and a height of about 20 in. which make it suitable for small gardens. The blooms are excellent for floral decorations.
The blooms are full, double and shapely, of the most outstanding, constant, vivid scarlet colour. It is vigorous, but grows a little below average height.
This is a 1972 introduction, which during its trial period has been consistent and healthy. Its moderately full flowers are apricot-orange in colour with a little flush of scarlet on the outside. It is vigorous, a little over medium height.
Tip Top The large, full, salmon-pink blooms are borne in large trusses, produced freely and continuously. It is vigorous, but has a dwarf, bushy habit and is particularly attractive for use in small gardens.
The strongly perfumed flowers are very full, ochre-yellow in colour and often 4-in. In diameter, borne either singly, or several together, on a. It is of medium height, upright.
The reddish salmon-pink flowers are large well-formed and hybrid tea in shape. It is vigorous in growth, of medium height.
The large double, well-formed, bright vermilion blooms have a pleasant scent. It is healthy, of vigorous habit, growing to medium height.
This was a 1972 introduction. Its full, high-centred, hybrid tea-form flowers are cerise-pink. They are produced freely and continuously in clusters and are fairly strongly perfumed. It is vigorous and bushy growing 2 ½ ft. tall.
The flowers which are 44 in. in diameter are cream, which turns white in hot weather, and which is flushed with honey to amber in cool. The vigorous growth produces a tall, branching bush.
Introduced in 1955, this lovely rose, with its large, pink, moderately hill, hybrid tea-shaped blooms, finds a place in many gardens. Its blooms are borne on almost thornless, stout stems, sometimes singly, sometimes in large trusses. Very vigorous and upright, it reaches 6 ft. or more. It makes an excellent hedge.
The flowers are a delicate soft peach with a silver reverse, full and of almost perfect hybrid tea-shape. Growth is vigorous, of medium height.
This group, historically important, because its members are the fore-runners of our glorious present-day floribundas, has become neglected in more recent years. With the increasing popularity of small gardens, they could easily come into their own again, particularly because they are dwarf, rarely exceeding 2 ft. in height, and recurrent blooming, bearing their colourful, small blooms in delicate clusters. They are excellent for edging, forward positions and bedding.
This charming rose has tiny, pale pink, perfectly formed hybrid-tea type blooms, growing well-spaced in trusses. It is repeat-flowering. If it is lightly pruned, it makes a good specimen.
The large, scarlet crimson, semi-double blooms are 2 in. in diameter, borne in small clusters. It is very short.
The small, deep pink flowers are very attractive. Growth is vigorous, spreading and height low.
Golden Salmon Superieure
This is an extremely bright, free-flowering rose, about 2 ft. high. Its blooms are a vivid golden-salmon.
Free flowering, this has large clusters of small, orange-scarlet, semi-double flowers. It is moderately vigorous and makes a compact bush. It is excellent for more forward places in informal settings. Its colour is exactly that of the geranium, ‘Paul Crampel’, and it is an excellent permanent replacement for that bedding plant.
This is very free-flowering with full, pale pink flowers. Growth is vigorous, spreading and low in height.
These bijou roses have blooms that are diminutive replicas of the hybrid tea and floribunda roses. The bushes are tiny and the flowers are in proportion to their size. There is a wide range of varieties available, in heights from 4-15 in. They are ideal for small gardens, and rock gardens, sink gardens and window boxes, but should be given a minimum depth of soil of ift. Inand terrace gardens, they can be most effectively used to create a miniature rose garden in a raised bed. Those marked below with an asterisk are obtainable as standards and it is also possible to buy the following as climbers: ‘Yellow Jackie’, bright red, ‘Magic Wand’, bright, rich pink, ‘Pink Cameo’, and ‘Showoff’, buff-yellow flowers with red and orange touches.
An exact replica of ‘Masquerade’, with its deep yellow buds opening to pink and changing to deep red, this grows 10-12 in. high.
This exquisite rose has large double ivory flowers. It reaches a height of between 9 and 12 in
The rose-pink flowers are very full and 1 in. across. Height 4-6 in. Little Flirt This has orange-red, reverse yellow, fragrant, full flowers. It is vigorous and reaches 12-14 in. high.
Rosina (Josephine Wheatcroft) (Yellow Sweetheart)
This has small semi-double, slightly scented, rich yellow blooms, in clusters. It grows 12-15 in. high. Scarlet Gem The flowers are very double and bright scarlet, on plants 0-12 in. high.
The hybrid tea-type, sweetly scented flowers are deep yellow in bud, soft yellow, when open. It is vigorous and grows to 10-12 ft. It is valuable for pillars and for covering fences. (Group 3.)
The recurrent blooms are large, full, scarlet and sweetly scented. Vigorous and compact to 8-10 ft., it is a good pillar rose. (Group 4.)
This repeat-flowering climber has full, cupped, fragrant, pink flowers. Moderately vigorous, reaching 10 ft., it is a good pillar rose. (Pruning Group 3.)
This is repeat-flowering with large, rich crimson blooms. It is vigorous and grows to 9 ft. A good pillar rose, it is also valuable because it will flourish on a north wall. (Pruning Group 4.)
This has moderately full, 3 ½ in. diameter, almost continuously flowering blooms, which are ivory with petal edges suffused a rich carmine. It is healthy, reaches 12-15 ft. and is useful for pillars and fences. (Pruning Group 4.)
A lovely rose, this has long sprays of golden, semi-double flowers, that are recurrent in summer and autumn. It reaches 9 ft. and is effective as a pillar rose, for walls and, because of its long stems, it can be used as a rambler. (Pruning Group 4.)
The recurrent, shell-pink, delicately perfumed blooms are borne throughout the summer. It grows to 8 ft. and is useful for pillars, on a wall and as a hedge. (Pruning Group 2.)
This splendid repeat-flowering climber, has 3 in. diameter semi-double, rich blood-red, velvety flowers with a golden centre of stamens. Vigorous, to 7-8 ft. tall, it grows well on pillars and north walls. (Pruning Group s.)
The large, fragrant, hybrid tea-shaped, rosy-pink flowers are recurrent and last well when cut. Growth is vigorous, to 8-10 ft. It is a good pillar rose. (Pruning Group 4.1
This is a recurrent climber in rich, soft copper-orange, with a spicy fragrance. It is vigorous, grows to 10 ft., a good pillar rose. (Pruning Group 4.)
The hybrid tea-type flowers are bright red and very full. Vigorous, it grows to 9-12 ft., is useful for pillars and for a wall or fence. (Pruning Group 4.)
The white, hybrid tea-shaped, pleasantly scented, recurrent flowers last well. It is vigorous and reaches 7 ft. It is a good pillar rose. (Pruning Group 4.)
Old-fashioned Shrub Roses
Blanc Double De Coubert (Rugosa)
This has large, richly fragrant, snowy white, semi-double flowers with a buff and green centre. It is repeat flowering. It grows vigorously to 5 6 ft. It is excellent for hedging.
Frau Dagmar Hastrup (Rugosa)
This has single, pink blooms with delicate veinings, which show their large, creamy centres. It is very free- and recurrent-flowering, and the flowers are followed in the autumn by large, rich red, tomato-shaped hips. It reaches 5 ft.
Mme Hardy (Damask)
The exquisite, richly fragrant, large, white blooms are flat, perfectly cupped, with folded petals and a green button eye. Vigorous to 5-6 ft.
Mme Pierre Oger (Bourbon)
This bears cup-shaped, very fragrant blooms, cream, flushed rosy pink, freely throughout the summer. Slender and erect, it reaches 6 ft. It makes an excellent specimen.
A remarkable rose, with semi-double, intense dark purple-crimson, almost black, flowers, with brilliant golden stamens. It grows into a sturdy bush about 4 ft. tall. Popular with flower arrangers.
William Lobb (Vold Velvet Moss’) (Moss)
The fully double, 3-in. Diameter, richly-scented blooms are a medley of fuchsia purple andwith grey touches, giving them a shot-silk appearance. It grows vigorously to 7 ft. and is much appreciated by flower arrangers.
Modern Shrub Roses
Ballerina The masses of dainty, small, single, fragrant, apple-blossom pink flowers, with a white eye are borne in large clusters. It grows vigorously to about 5 ft.
The fragrant, moderately full, vermilion blooms are 3 in. across. It is vigorous, upright and tall and easily reaches 5 ft.
This rose has buff or apricot-yellow, large, fully double, very fragrant blooms in large clusters. It is repeat-flowering and its blossoms become very plentiful as the summer advances. It has a vigorous, spreading habit and reaches 5 ft.
This has single crimson flowers with a pale yellow centre, borne in clusters. It is recurrent and free flowering. It grows up to 5 ft. high. Winter protection should be provided in very exposed gardens.
The small, semi-double, very fragrant flowers are strawberry-pink, with a yellow base. It is repeat flowering. Growth is vigorous, to 5-6 ft. and it is excellent for hedging.
The small, fully double, light-crimson flowers, are produced almost continuously until December. Vigorous, upright and branching, it grows to 5-6 ft. and makes a good hedge.
The large, semi-single, strongly perfumed citron-yellow flowers are edged brilliant pink. It is repeat-flowering. A very vigorous, bushy plant, it grows to 5 ft.
This is almost perpetual in flowering and produces masses of 4 in. wide, scented, single, vermilion flowers, in large heads. Very vigorous, upright and tall, it grows to at least 5 ft., makes a very good hedge and is excellent as a specimen.
A beautiful shrub rose, this has small, single yellow flowers, in May and June along the whole length of its shoots. It is very bushy.
A very charming, sweetly scented variety, this bears an abundance of huge trusses of-pink, rosette-shaped flowers, up to 3 in. across. It is moderately vigorous in growth and reaches 4-6 ft. It is valuable for hedging and as a specimen.
The almost single blooms are creamy, sometimes tinged blush, with bright golden stamens. The flowers straddle the whole length of its arching, thornless branches, throughout the summer. Vigorous, to 8 ft.
The pale salmon-pink blooms with gold tints are large, full and fragrant, produced periodically in clusters. Vigorous, it reaches 6 ft. and makes a colourful hedge.
Large, semi-double, very fragrant, creamy salmon-pink flowers are carried in large clusters. As the blooms age, they become off-white. It flowers freely and repeatedly throughout the summer. Moderately vigorous, it grows to 6 ft., and makes an Attractive hedge.
This is another ‘David Austin New English Rose’. It has the most beautiful, flat, full-centred carnation-like flowers not unlike those of the old gallica rose. The colour is rich crimson with touches of varying shades of purple. A tough grower, reaching 2 ft.
The Wife of Bath
This charming little rose is one of the ‘David Austin New English Roses’, suitable for modern small gardens. It has small cupped, old-fashioned rose-type, warm pink, fragrant flowers. It is vigorous, but reaches 20 in. in height only.
The flowers are semi-double, about 4 in. in diameter, velvety scarlet-crimson, borne almost continuously throughout the summer in great clusters. Vigorous, 6 ft. high, it makes a beautiful, strong hedge.
Species Roses for Modern Gardens
A splendid shrub, this has dusky red, single flowers with cream stamens. These are followed in the autumn by large, bright red, bottle-shaped hips. The dainty, fern-like foliage is dark green. It is very vigorous and will grow to 12 ft.
The attraction of this species lies in its lovely bluish-grey foliage, tinged with a deep rosy shade, and its red stems. Its purplish-red flowers are insignificant, but they are followed by attractive dark red hips. It grows vigorously to 6-8 ft., and for the sake of its foliage, it is sought after by flower arrangers.
This is massed with 4 in. wide, apple-blossom pink single flowers, fading to white. They have huge golden centres and buds are rich pink. It grows to 3 ft.
R. xanthina spontanea (‘Canary Bird’)
A very lovely species rose with rich yellow, single blooms 2 ½ in. in diameter. In May or sometimes in April the flowers straddle the long arching stems. It makes a very attractive shrub, 6 ft. high and 6 ft. across.