Roses and the Rose Garden

One can hardly imagine a garden in England without a rose bush or two. Most gardens have special beds set aside for roses and the large ones have definite Rose Gardens. There is never any need to extol the virtues of the rose, for it is as well known in the humblest of cottages as it is in mansions and palaces. The rose looks at its best when massed. It needs to be sheltered from winds and seems to prefer the heavier soils on the whole.

There are roses to suit almost every condition. There are special varieties that do well even in smoky towns and cities; there are ramblers and climbers for walls and fences; there are types that are quite happy to be grown as hedges; there are species that look perfect in a shrub border; there are kinds which do well in the greenhouse. Roses look as well when cut in bowls in the house as they do massed in a rose bed.

GROUPING THE ROSES

Roses may be divided into groups under various headings. There are: The Standards

These have tall stems usually 1 m (3 ft 6 in) high, the budding being done on Rugosa.

Half Standards

These have stems 750 mm (2 ft 6 in) high.

Polyantha Standards

Usually budded on stems 600 mm {% ft) high.

Weeping Standards

These have a stem similar to the Standard but the growths droop and trail on to the ground in an attractive manner. Because of this they are often budded on stems 1.2 to 1.7 m (4 to 5 ft 6 in) high.

The Hedge Roses

Usually planted in double rows, 450 mm (18 in) apart; certain varieties being chosen as being specially suitable for the purpose.

Tea Roses

Usually denoted by a capital T. These seem to do better in France than in England, but when they do get established here they grow marvellously well.

Hybrid Perpetuals or H.P. Roses

Despite their name, are never perpetually blooming! Very few of the varieties ever bloom in the autumn and thus most gardeners prefer the next class.

Hybrid Teas

Commonly called H.T.’s. This is a perpetually blooming rose, the blooms of which are long and pointed, whereas the roses of the H.P.’s are generally flat. You will always find 100 H.T.’s in ga-dens today to every H.P.

The Pernetianas or Pernets

This group was originally derived from a crossing made with the Austrian briars. The group has now become lost through inbreeding with the H.T.’s. It is the Pernets which have, through marriage, provided the glorious oranges and bronzes, etc.

The Wichurianas and Hybrid Wichurianas

Often called W.’s and H.W.’s This is the rambler rose group, which came to us through the lovely wild rose of

Japan. The long shoots are pliable and easily trained. Some varieties are crosses between the Wichurianas and H.T.’s. Most ramblers are Wichurianas but not all.

Multiflora Rambler or Climbing Polycmtha Usually described as M.R., Crimson Rambler is a typical variety in this class, while in addition there are the Climbing Hybrid T’s which are really sports of the varieties of the same name. There is for instance Madame Heriot, the H.T., and Climbing Madame Heriot, the C.H.T. Ramblers do not as a whole bloom more than once, but climbers do.

The Polyanthas

These are one of the latest additions to the family and are really crosses between the Rosa multiflora and H.T.’s. There are also the hybrid polyanthas, usually called H. Poly, which are said to be nearer ever-blooming than any other type of rose.

The Bourbons

This is the good old-fashioned rose group closely related to the China types. It is very sweetly scented, and an autumn flowerer. My favourite is Souvenir de la Malmai- son.

The Noisettes

A blend between the Tea, Musk and China Roses.

Then in addition there are the Moss Roses, the Provence (the old type of Cabbage Rose), and the Damask Roses which have now practically disappeared. They were originally used for making the famous scent Attar of Roses. There are always special species to study for those who are interested, like the Ayrshire Briars and the Cherokee Rose from China.

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