FLOWERING SHRUB. Deciduous shrubs or small trees which usually succeed on almost any soil. Sambucus nigra is the common elder which makes an effective windbreak, and does well in smoky districts. The white flowers are unpleasantly scented, similarly the leaves when crushed. On moist soils it may reach 20 ft. but is usually about half this height. A rapid grower when young. There are forms with golden leaves. Seedlings sown by birds often occur but almost any piece of wood will root, especially in late autumn. The fruits were at one time widely used by country folk for making wine and syrup.

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