SHRUBS, TREES and CONIFERS

Preparation, Planting and After Care

Trees and shrubs form the framework around which a garden should be planned and since they will, in most cases, be permanent fixtures, their selection and preparation for planting should be carried out with the utmost care.

The planting season of nursery plants that are not grown in pots or other containers extends from late October until the first week or so in April, Conifers and Rhododendrons and a few other shrubs may be planted from September until May Those in pots or other containers may be planted all the year round.

Where a complete shrub border is being planned, the ground should be dug as long before planting as possible, and well-rotted farmyard manure added. Spent hops, peat or other bulky material supplemented with bone meal, makes a good substitute when farmyard manure is not available – always remembering that bone meal should not be used when lime-hating shrubs are to be planted.

Plants are supplied from the Garden Centres in one of three ways: (1) in pots (always in the summer and early autumn), (2) with bare roots wrapped in damp material, or (3) burlapped in hessian. All pots must be removed before planting. Burlapped plants have the hessian untied or cut, at the top, and then opened out after placing the plant in position. It is always advisable to water or soak the plants before placing them in their positions.

The hole for each plant should be substantially larger than the root spread. Remove the top soil, break up the sub-soil and add manure, compost or peat. If the plant or tree requires a stake this should be driven in firmly first, so that the tree may be planted against it. Trim any jagged or long roots and place the plant carefully in the hole, spread out the roots (unless already contained by a ball of soil or the plant is pot grown) and sift some peat or good friable soil over the roots. Tread firmly, add more soil and firm once more. The plant should be at the depth as it was on the nursery; the ring of soil around the stem will show you the old depth. Shrubs should not be placed on a mound or in a hollow unless the ground is either very wet and sticky, when planting on a mound will aid drainage, or in very dry situations when planting in a hollow will help to hold water. Finally, water thoroughly, and mulch with bracken, peat or leaf mould.

With many plants being purchased from Garden Centres during the summer months, it is important to ensure that the plants are well watered before and after planting and to ensure they establish themselves quickly they need watering two or three times a week during dry spells. On no account should the roots of container grown plants be disturbed whilst planting.

We cannot stress too much the importance of watering newly planted stock during periods of dry weather. Many failures of trees and shrubs can be attributed to customers failing to water their plants during June, July and August. In most cases the trees and shrubs will put forth their leaves during the spring from the sap that is already in the plant, but during prolonged periods of dry weather the soil moisture is depleted and the establishing root system is unable to take up sufficient moisture for its requirements. The result is browning of the leaves and certain death. So water freely during the dry spells. Remember you are dealing with LIVE plants. If you give them special care they will give the desired results.

Finally the following may be of interest:

(1) Overhead spraying during warm evenings in spring is always beneficial.

(2) If frost has loosened the soil after planting, the soil should be re-trodden when the ground is again dry.

(3) Old tea-leaves make a useful mulch for Clematis.

(4) Grass cuttings have little, if any value as a mulch.

(5) To determine whether any plant is alive, scrape the stem with a knife blade or thumb nail, if it is green beneath the plant is alive.

PRUNING OF SHRUBS, TREES AND CONIFERS

We have included in the text recommendations for pruning individual plants. Where we say ‘prune hard this spring’ this means cut to within 6 ins of the last year’s growth.

Best Range of Shrubs for Your Garden

ABELIA. Choice, late summer flowering shrubs, best given the protection of a south or west

facing wall.

ABUTILON. Interesting and unusual subjects for a warm wall.

ACACIA. The well-known Austral/an Mimosa or Wattle, thriving in a sunny sheltered situation, where the soil is not excessively limey. Most grow into large shrubs or small trees.

dealbata. The hardiest of the Mimosas. Delicate, ferny foliage with lovely golden-yellow flowers resembling small powder puffs from February-March. 10-15 ft.

Sometimes prone to frost damage but will usually shoot again from the main branches and trunk, best planted against a sunny wall (12×9 ft).

rhetinodes (Willow Leaved Mimosa). A large shrub, or small tree, with long, willow-like leaves. Yellow scented flowers produced along the arching branches over a period of six months or so. Reputed to be one of the hardiest Mimosa and is tolerant of lime in the soil. 8-10 ft.

ACER. The Japanese Maples are the most distinguished of foliage shrubs. All are quite hardy and tolerant of lime, but they prefer a moisture retentive soil, enriched with peat or compost. To protect the leaves from windscorch and frost damage, plant in a position sheltered from prevailing winds and early morning frosts. Most are noted for their brilliant autumn colours. Little or no pruning is required.

griseum. A slow growing shrub or small tree with green, three-lobed leaves, from south­west China. It is one of the most striking of all Maples, especially on account of its peeling bark, which flakes from the stem, revealing orange/buff coloured bark beneath; also for the fine autumnal colouring of its foliage. Outstanding for winter interest. 15 x 8 ft.

Very scarce.

japonicum ‘Aureum’. A small, slow growing bushy shrub with golden-yellow foliage during the spring and early summer, eventually turning to lime-green. It needs a favourable position, sheltered from full sun and strong winds. 6 x 4 ft, although sometimes larger.

‘Aconitifolium’ (Laciniatum). A large rounded shrub with beautifully lobed leaves turning shades of crimson in the autumn. 8 x 8 ft.

palmatum (Japanese Maple). We offer plants from seed, which vary considerably in ultimate height and autumn colour. They make small trees, generally about 1 2 ft high, and provide excellent autumn colour. Easy and hardy.

‘Atropurpureum’. The best known of the Japanese Maples. Deeply divided leaves of a rich red-purple, throughout the summer, turning a brilliant scarlet in the autumn. Browning sometimes occurs around the edges of the leaves in this and the following two varieties, this scorch can be caused by the wind or sun. Therefore plant in a protected position. 6 x 4 ft ultimately 1 2 ft.

‘Dissectum’. Mushroom-shaped bush with cascading branches covered with deeply cut fresh green foliage, turning the most beautiful golden-yellow in the autumn. An ideal Maple for the small garden. 3 x 4 ft.

—– ‘Atropurpureum’. Similar in shape and habit to the above, but the foliage is red-bronze

in colour, turning shades of orange and scarlet during the autumn. 3 x 4 ft.

‘Heptalobum Osakasuki’. One of the most brilliant autumn colouring Maples turning a rich fiery-scarlet. Foliage bronze-green in summer. 5 x 5 ft.

‘Senkaki’ (Coral Bark Maple). Upright growing shrub with small pale green leaves, which turn in autumn to soft primrose-yellow, but the chief attraction is the pretty coral-red stems particularly attractive during the winter months. 9 x 4 ft.

AESCULUS parviflora. A spreading, suckering Horse Chestnut eventually making a large shrub. The white flowers are produced in July and August. Attractive foliage during autumn. 8 x 6 ft.

AMELANCHIER (Snowy Mespilus or June Berry)

canadensis. A small dense shrub or tree with bronze-green young leaves in spring, followed in April by snow-white starry flowers, during autumn the leaves turn a rich orange-red. Crimson to black fruits are produced in June. Prefers a moisture retentive soil 8 x 6 ft.

ARBUTUS x andrachnoides (E). Producing a large shrub or small tree in time. A hardy species noted for its beautiful cinnamon-red branches and trunk. Pitcher-shaped white flowers, produced in panicles in autumn and early spring. Tolerant of limey soils. 15 ft, even taller when mature.

menziesii (E). Large leaved, evergreen shrub or small tree. Once established the peeling bark reveals striking cinnamon coloured branches and trunk. White, pitcher-shaped flowers produced in terminal clusters in May followed by orange coloured fruits. 15 ft plus.

unedo (Killamey Strawberry Tree) (E). Attractive evergreen shrub with white pitcher-shaped flowers, flowering from October to December, at the same time as the Strawberries from last season’s flowers are ripening. Prefers a neutral soil but is one of the few encaceous plants that will tolerate lime. No pruning required. Slowlv growing to 8 x 5 ft.

‘Rubra’ (E). Similar to the above but the flowers have a distinct pink flush, and the habit is

more compact. 8 x 5 ft.

ARTEMISIA ‘Lambrook Silver’. A lovely silver leaved form of Southernwood or Lad’s Love, that originated at Lambrook Manor, the wonderful garden belonging to the late Margery Fish. A cottage garden plant, the feathery fern-like foliage has characteristic fragrance; associates well with pinks, etc. Prune to within 1 ft above ground each spring. 3 x 3 ft.

ARUNDINAR1A (Bamboo). Excellent plants for screening purposes; they will succeed in almost any situation and are tolerant of shady conditions. Plant in April or May and prune to within 2-3 ft of ground level, new growth will emerge from the base. murieliae. A tall elegant species up to 1 0 ft.

Dull yellow-green canes and bright green strap­like leaves. Ideal as a specimen plant in the garden or in a large tub. japonica (E). A large, rampant variety with big green leaves. 1 0 x 1 2 ft.

nitida. Thin delicate foliage with purple flushed canes, arching habit. 10 x 1 2 ft.

ASTELIA ‘Silver Spear’. An interesting architectural plant, producing large, silver-grey, sword-shaped leaves; particularly useful for giving the tropical effect in the summer border, or a useful subject for an ornamental container. Of doubtful hardiness, it needs the protection of a sunny south wall. 4 x 4 ft.

ATRIPLEX halimus (Tree Purslane). A vigorous semi-evergreen shrub, of loose bushy habit with grey-green leaves. An excellent plant for coastal regions, or any well drained site in a sunny position. Particularly effective when planted with purple foliage shrubs. 8 x 4 ft.

AUCUBA (E). Versatile evergreens that will stand dense shade and the dusty, smoky atmos­phere of town life. Useful plants for that difficult situation. Grown in good conditions the variegated forms can be particularly effective. Can be grown in pots and ornamental containers. Prune to maintain a good shape in May and June. japonica (Concolor) (E). Glossy green leathery foliage. Bright red berries on female plants if pollinated. 6 x 6 ft.

‘Gold King’. A particularly fine plant with a strong and distinctive variegation of green and

gold. Useful for that difficult shady corner. 5 x 5 ft.

‘Longifolia’ (E). Long, bright green leaves. Female. 5 x 4 ft.

‘Picturata’. An outstanding variety with leaves splashed golden-yellow in the centre

surrounded by a deep green margin. 4 x 4 ft.

‘Variegata’ (Spotted Laurel) (E). Green and gold variegated foliage, best in full sun to

maintain colour. Red berries when pollinated. 5 x 4 ft.

AZALEA

Azaleas are probably the loveliest of all spring flowering shrubs and should be planted in semi-shade and in an acid soil. Soils containing traces of lime should be heavily dressed with peat, leaf mould or pulverised bark. The lime content of the soil can also be neutralised by the application of sequestered iron (Sequestrene), watered on once a year. Shallow planting is essential since they are surface rooting and they benefit from an annual mulch of either peat or leaf mould. Dead heads should be removed after flowering. Normally pruning is unnecessary but should the plants become untidy certain branches can be cut back hard although this will mean losing some of the flowering ability for a season or so.

VARIETIES

A good range of Azaleas will be offered on all our Garden Centres from late autumn to late spring, but because of the uncertain availability of some varieties we are only listing a limited range.

Deciduous Azaleas – Named varieties

These are defined as ‘Mollis’, ‘Ghent’, ‘Exbury’ or ‘Knaphill’. ‘Mollis’ varieties flower first in early May, strong colours, but with no scent. ‘Ghent’ varieties have sweet smelling honey­suckle-shaped flowers. ‘Exbury’ and ‘Knaphill’ hybrids have strong colours and these are some-times scented and sometimes have good autumn colours. Ghent, Knaphill and Exbury Hybrids will grow to 6-7 ft while Mollis Hybrids reach 4-5 ft.

Berryrose (Exbury), Pink with a yellow throat.

Cecile (Kn). Salmon-pink with yellow blotch.

Comeille (Gh). Cream flushed deep pink. Good autumn colour.

Daviesii (Gh). White with yellow flare.

Gibraltar (Exbury). Brilliant Orange.

Gold Dust (Kn). Pale yellow with gold flare.

Klondyke (Exbury). Deep yellow.

Knaphill Red (Kn). Red.

Strawberry Ice (Kn). Pale pink with gold flare.

Exbury Hybrids Mixed. Representing excellent value for money and covering a good colour

range. ‘pontica’. The well-known golden-yellow scented Azalea flowering in May and June. Good

autumn colour, one of the easiest Azaleas to grow. 4 x 4 ft.

Evergreen Azaleas – Japanese (E)

These slow growing dwarf evergreens are unparalleled for their gorgeous display during May and June. They are wonderful in the rock garden or a small bed. They make good pot plants for the conservatory and house. They prefer filtered shade, since direct sunlight is apt to make the flowers fade too soon, but if planted in total shade, they become prone to winter frosts as the wood cannot ripen properly. 2-3 ft high with spreading habit. No pruning required.

Kurume varieties. These have smaller flowers and pleasant, spreading habit.

Addy Wery. Rich vermilion.

Amoenum. Horizontally branched with masses of bright cerise flowers.

Blaauw’s Pink. Double salmon-pink.

Hinocrimson. Small flowers, bright scarlet.

Hinodegiri. Small flowers of bright crimson.

Malvatica x Kaempferi. Large flowers, more regular in habit.

Blue Danube. Purple-blue.

Mothers’s Day. Semi-double red.

Orange Beauty. Bright orange.

Palestrina. A taller grower with lovely white flowers with a hint of green.

Vuyk Hybrids. The flowers of this group are normally large.

Vuyk’s Rosy Red. Deep rose with darker flare. Vuyk’s Scarlet, large, rich, carmine flowers.

If the above varieties are in short supply, similar varieties of equal merit will be offered on the Garden Centres.

BERBERIS

A large group of plants that are ideally suited to the English garden and are easy to grow since they are happy in most soil conditions. They range m habit from small dwarf varieties, suitable for rockeries, to the large spreading varieties suitable for informal hedges, so there are varieties for every position in the garden The deciduous varieties are noted for their display of foliage and berries in autumn and winter, and the evergreen varieties provide a brilliant display of orange/yellow flowers in the spring. Prune lightly when dormant to keep the plants shapely.

Evergreen varieties

buxifolia ‘Nana’ (dulcis nana). A dwarf shrub of compact form, growing ultimately into a rounded mound. Attractive deep yellow flowers and dark bluish-green foliage. 2 x 3 ft.

candidula. A little shrub with dark green shiny leaves, with a silvery reverse. Large yellow flowers in May. An excellent ground cover plant. 2 x 4 ft.

‘Chenaultii’. A neat evergreen shrub of slow growth, leaves turning red in autumn with­out falling. Bright yellow flowers in June. 3 x 4 ft.

darwinii. This early flowering species is probably one of the best spring flowering shrubs. Flowers are a rich orange and followed by beautiful blue berries, set off by the small holly-like evergreen foliage. Will not tolerate cold exposed sites. 6 x 4 ft.

gagnepainii. Narrow crinkled leaves with long spines. Yellow flowers and black berries. 4 x 3 ft.

irwinii. (See under Berberis x stenophylla ‘Irwinii’).

julianae. A dense evergreen shrub suitable for screening or forming a dense hedge. The branches are armed with strong spines and the yellow flowers are produced in dense clusters. The glossy leaves turn red in autumn. 6 x 4 ft.

linearifolia ‘Orange King’. A magnificent variety with large orange-red flowers. Always eye catching when in flower but can be a disappointing grower. 5 x 4 ft.

lologensis ‘Apricot Queen’. A superb large flowered hybrid with rich apricot-orange flowers in April. Dark glossy foliage. An excellent evergreen flowering shrub. 5 x 4 ft.

x stenophylla. A beautiful variety with long arching branches, wreathed with orange flowers in the spring. Taller growing than the other evergreen varieties it is particularly suitable for specimen planting and for forming a dense impenetrable hedge. A.G.M. 8 x 6 ft.

‘Gracilis’. A small evergreen differing from B. Irwinii by its smaller leaves and slender

habit.

‘Irwinii’. A dwarf form of x sienophylla, ideal where space is limited. Pale orange-

yellow flowers in May and June. 21/2×2 ft.

verrucuiosa. A low growing evergreen with leaves silver underneath. Yellow flowers in May. 3-4 ft.

Deciduous varieties

‘Buccaneer’. A superb shrub for the back of the shrub border or for that place where

nothing else will grow. Fine autumn foliage under masses of pink berries held well into

the winter. 8 x 6 ft.

x ottawensis ‘Auricoma’. A vigorous variety with long arching sprays of deep purple

foliage with a distinct sheen, in all other respects it is very similar to B. ottawensis

‘Superba’. -‘Green Ornament’. Similar to B. thunbergii but foliage, growth and habit are far

superior. The stiff arching branches are densely clothed with bright green rounded

leaves becoming darker with age. Growth is dense and compact. Good autumn colour.

4 x 4 ft.

-‘Purpurea’ (thunbergii ‘Atropurpurea Superba’). Similar to thunbergii ‘Atropurpurea’,

but the leaves are much larger and growth is more vigorous. If pruned regularly every

year in March it will produce long sprays of foliage which are excellent for flower

arranging. 7 x 5 ft.

thunbergii. Flowers of pale straw yellow and brilliant orange autumn colour with bright red

fruit combine to make this one of our most popular shrubs – ideal for an informal

impenetrable hedge. 5 x 4 ft.

‘Atropurpurea’. One of the best of the purple foliage plants, excellent for foliage contrast.

In autumn the foliage turns to a pleasing claret-red before dropping. 6 x 4 ft.

‘Atropurpurea Nana’. A dwarf form. Excellent for the front of the border, or rockery,

especially when planted in groups. 1 x 1 ft.

‘Atropurpurea Superba’. (See x ottawensis ‘Purpurea’).

‘Gold Ring’. A new variety with a conspicuous gold ring surrounding the edge of the leaf.

‘Harlequin’. Dwarf growing variety. Purple foliage splashed pink. Similar to Rose Glow

but the variegation seems to be stronger and brighter. 4 x 4 ft.

‘Red Pillar’. A compact, upright growing variety with purple foliage, eventually forming a

dense bush. Suitable for a low hedge or as a specimen both in the shrub border or rockery. 4 x 2 ft.

‘Rose Glow’. A variegated Berberis. The young leaves are purple mottled silver-pink,

eventually turning purple. 4 x 4 ft wilsoniae. Excellent autumn colour; the foliage turns red and orange, and the berries are coral-red. 3 x 4 ft.

BUDDLEIA (Butterfly Bush)

One of the most popular groups of plants. They are extremely vigorous and are particularly useful where a finished effect is required quickly. The flowers are much loved by butterflies who will swarm the bush during July and August when the flowers are at their best, and for this reason alone they deserve a place in every garden. Buddleia are generally hardy and thrive in most soils except very damp situations. The main problem with Buddleia is neglect; if left unpruned from year to year they soon produce an ugly straggling bush with very small flower spikes.

Buddleia must be pruned hard every year in March; this will encourage strong young growth from the base producing long spikes of flower with good colour.

davidii. A hardy vigorous group, producing immense panicles of flower.

‘Black Knight’. A new and sturdy variety with very deep purple-black flowers with a

golden eye. 9 x 7 ft.

‘Empire Blue’. Deep lavender-blue, a very lovely variety. 9 x 6 ft.

‘Harlequin’. Leaves variegated green with creamy-white; flowers a lovely deep reddish-

purple, a valuable addition to the range. 6 x 5 ft.

‘Royal Red’. Rich reddish-purple flowers. A distinct colour and the most popular variety.

8 x 6 ft.

‘White Profusion’. The best of the white varieties. Extremely strong growing and the

panicles of pure white flowers are carried erect. 9 x 6 ft.

Other varieties

atternifolia. Described by its introducer: ‘Like a gracious small leaved weeping willow when it is not in flower, and a sheer waterfall of soft purple when it is’. Flowers in May or early June. Can be grown as a large pendulous shrub or as a small standard type tree if trained properly. Prune flowering sprays immediately after flowering, this will encourage long sprays for next year’s flowering.

fallowiana ‘Alba’. A beautiful white buddleia, far superior to any white form of Buddleia davidii. The spikes of white flowers with a distinct yellow throat are produced in late summer to early autumn. An added attraction is the grey-green foliage Appreciates a warm site, even against a wall or fence. 6 x 5 ft.

globosa (Orange Ball Tree). A distinct variety with handsome, almost evergreen foliage and small, round, orange-yellow flowers in May. It flowers on wood made the previous year, so prune sparingly after flowering. 9 x 6 ft.

‘Lochinch’. Lonely solid spikes of lavender-blue flowers with an orange eye, produced on a bushy compact plant in July/August. The grey-green leaves are an added attraction. 5 x 5 ft.

x weyerana ‘Sungold’. Hardy, strong growing variety. The ball-like flower clusters are produced in panicles from June onwards. The colour is an interesting shade of yellow overlaid with pink and mauve. 6 x 6 ft.

CALLICARPA bodinieri ‘Profusion’. An unusual shrub famous for its violet berries produced

after the pale pink flowers in autumn. Erect habit. 5 x 3 ft.

CALLISTEMON linearis (Australian Bottle Bush) (E). A magnificent sun-worshipper, and much hardier than first thought. It needs a warm spot to open properly its unusual flame-coloured flowers, produced in whorls along the current season’s growth in July. Attrac­tive foliage. Little or no pruning required. Recommended 8 x 5 ft.

CAMELLIA

These magnificent flowering evergreens are almost without parallel in the garden. The glossy green leaves are beautiful throughout the year, and the large, well shaped flowers are a pure delight in early spring. In nature the Camellia is a woodland plant and its cultural requirements are similar to Rhododendron and Azalea. It will not tolerate lime, and so a special bed will have to be prepared for them in soils containing lime. Camellias are particularly suited to growing in pots, the greenhouse or conservatory, but are not suitable as indoor pot plants.

japonica ‘Adolphe Audusson’. Big semi-double blood-red flowers, with conspicuous yellow stamens. Growth medium, compact.

‘Apollo’. Rose-red, semi-double. Vigorous growth.

– ‘Blood of China’. Deep salmon-red, semi-double. Compact vigorous growth. – ‘Comte De Gomer’. White to pale pink, striped deep pink. Formal double.

‘Debbie’. Rose-pink, paeony form.

‘Elegant Beauty’. Clear pink, semi-double.

– ‘Elegans’. Shapely salmon-rose flowers occasionally splashed white; Anemone form. Broad and bushy habit.

‘Forest Green’. Double red.

‘IMoblissima’. Pure white, formal double. Early.

x williamsii ‘Donation’. Large, semi-double, clear pink flowers. One of the best for growing outdoors.

‘Francis Hanger’. Single white. Strong erect growth.

‘Mary Christian’. Single clear pink.

The range of varieties of Camellia on our Garden Centres tends to fluctuate from season to season so a visit during the spring months is recommended when an extensive stock covering all colours and forms is offered.

CARPENTERIA californica.

CARYOPTERIS clandonensis (Blue Spiraea). An excellent little shrub particularly when grouped at the front of the shrub border. The long spikes of lavender-blue flowers are produced in the early autumn when the shrub border is often rather dull. It thrives in a sunny dry position, particularly on chalky soils, and should be cut down almost to the base each spring. 2 x 3 ft.

‘Kew Blue’. Very deep blue flowers, a little later than the last named. 2 x 3 ft.

CATALPA bignonioides ‘Aurea’. An excellent golden foliaged shrub. It is very slow growing, therefore best treated as a large shrub. The large coppery-yellow leaves unfurl in spring to produce the most spectacular golden-yellow foliage. The largest leaves and best colour are produced when the plant is hard pruned in spring. 6 ft plus.

CEANOTHUS ICalifornian Lilacs)

Probably the best of the blue flowering shrubs available to the gardener. Once established all are quick growing, especially if they are given the shelter of a south or west wall and free drainage. Hard frosts may cause some damage to evergreen varieties but plants usually recover very quickly. Most are suitable for seaside gardens.

Deciduous varieties

Prune each March to within 6 ins of the old wood. They are happiest in a well drained loam in a sunny position,

‘Gloire de Versailles’. Deservedly the most popular variety in this section. It is a good grower, and carries large panicles of bright sky-blue flowers from July to September. 6 x 5 ft (if kept pruned). ‘Henri Desfosse’. In our opinion, the flowers of this variety are the richest in the genus – a lovely indigo-blue. It does not grow as tall as the above variety and is more compact. 4 x 3 ft.

Evergreen varieties.

When established, the flowers of these varieties are borne so profusely as to smother the foliage. They should be given the protection of a south or west wall, or a sheltered open site. No pruning is necessary other than shaping to keep the plant within bounds (all will grow approximately 8×5 ft).

arboreus ‘Trewithen Blue’ (E). A large leaved variety with large panicles of deep blue flowers produced in spring. Best if planted against a south or west wall. 8 x 6 ft.

‘Autumnal Blue’. Possibly one of the hardiest evergreen Ceanothus, producing a fine

display of deep blue flowers throughout July, August and September. Prune in April. ‘Burkwoodii’ (E). Intense blue flowers, Ireely produced from July until the frosts come in

autumn. ‘Cascade’ (E). Bears its bright blue flowers in long clusters during the spring. impressus ‘Puget Blue’. Dense growing shrub with distinctive, small, dark green foliage.

The densely set flower clusters are a beautiful shade of deep blue, produced in June. ‘Italian Skies’. Dense shrub of somewhat spreading habit. The brilliant blue flowers

are produced in large clusters during early spring. thyrsiflorus repens (Creeping Blue Blossom). An excellent ground covering variety, hardy

and vigorous quickly forming a dense mound of deep green foliage smothered in

Cambridge-blue flowers. x veitchianus (E). Bright blue flowers produced in profusion in May. The best blue flowering

shrub there is, and very popular. CERATOSTIGMA willmottianum (Hardy Plumbago). A slender little shrub with bright blue

flowers from July till September and attractive autumn tints suitable for the shrubbery or

herbaceous border. It will die down each winter so prune hard each spring and it will

shoot afresh from the base. 2 x 2 ft CERCIS siiiquastrum (Judas Tree). Clustered rosy-lilac flowers wreathe the branches in May

before the heart-shaped leaves appear. Bean-like seed pods follow. Can be grown as a

large shrub or small tree. The Judas Tree needs to be in full sun and is liable to be cut

back although not killed by frosts. 1 0 x 8 ft.

CERCIDIPHYLLUM japonicum. The attractive leaves, almost circular in shape, emerge a

reddish-bronze in spring, turn a beautiful lime-green and finally to shades of gold and

orange in the autumn. Prefers a deep moisture retentive soil. 15 ft.

CHAENOMELES (Japonica or Flowering Quince)

Outstanding garden plants being completely hardy and trouble free. The beautiful flowers are produced in March and April, sometimes earlier on walls, followed, in the autumn, by golden-yellow Quinces. Will thrive in any good garden soil, in any aspect. Little pruning is needed. speciosa. The varieties in this section tend to be tall and sparse in their growth and are best grown at the back of a border or on sunny walls and fences. They stand pruning well, which is best done in the summer months. – ‘Moerloosii’ (Apple Blossom). Pink and white giving the effect of apple blossom. 6 x 5 ft.

‘Nivalis’. Large, pure white flowers.

‘Simonsii’. Blood-red semi-double flowers. Dwarf habit suitable for a wall, banks or front

of the border. x superba. Vigorous growth but generally small to medium sized shrubs. Most of the varieties are suitable for growing in the border or on walls of any aspect.

‘Crimson and Gold’. Crimson flowers with gold stamens. 5 x 5 ft. – ‘Firedance’. Large brilliant orange-scarlet flowers. 6 x 5 ft.

‘Knaphill Scarlet’. Bright salmon-red flowers. Very freely borne, spreading habit. 4 x 5 ft.

– ‘Nicoline’. Scarlet-red. 4 x 5 ft.

‘Pink Lady’. Clear rose-pink flowers opening from darker buds. Spreading habit. 4 x 5 ft.

– – ‘Rowallane’. Freely produced crimson flowers on a low spreading bush. 4 x 6 ft.

‘Vesuvius’. Cnmson-red. 4 x 5 ft.

CHIMONANTHUS praecox (fragrans) (Winter Sweet). Flowering in the depths of winter and with a fragrance that is unsurpassed are two reasons why this shrub should be more widely grown. The waxy flowers are yellow-green in colour with purple centres. It may not flower for several years, but this can be brought forward by planting against a south wall. Remove dead and weak growth, otherwise no pruning required.

CHOISYA ternata (Mexican Orange Blossom) (E). One of the best evergreens for general garden use. It forms a rounded bush with glossy foliage, which is aromatic when crushed. The fragrant star-like flowers are produced in May. Some damage can be caused to the foliage when planted in cold exposed sites, therefore wall protection is advisable. 6 x 6 ft.

CISTUS (Sun Roses). The Sun Roses produce dense rounded evergreen shrubs which revel in any sunny situation. Some of the varieties are not completely hardy although surviving our mild winters they may possibly be damaged in a moderately cold and wet one. x corbariensis (E). One of the hardiest varieties, crimson tinted buds opening to white. 2 x 4 ft.

crispus ‘Sunset’ (E). Deep rosy-purple flowers produced in abundance in June, and

thoughout the summer. 4 x 4 ft.

x cyprius (E). The best of the hardier varieties. Flowers white with purple blotch at the base

of the petals, about 4 ins across and borne in clusters. 7 x 5 ft.

x lusitanicus ‘Decumbens’. Large white flowers with a crimson blotch produced on a low

wide spreading bush. 2 x 5 ft.

x purpureus (E). The 3 in. flowers are rich purple-red with a crimson blotch at the centre.

4 x 4 ft.

‘Silver Pink’ (E). The most delicate and also the most delightful Cistus, with flowers tyrian-

rose in colour. The tops of the shoots are silvery. 2 x 2 ft.

CLEMATIS HERACLEIFOLIA ‘WYEVALE A.G.M.

This herbaceous Clematis of the greatest beauty, growing about 3 ft

high and producing large, rounded clusters of soft, hyacinth-blue, sweetly scented flowers up

and on top of the stems. An excellent late summer flowering plant. Easy to grow in any good

garden soil. Prune all growth to the base every spring.

CLERODENDRUM trichotomum (Glory Tree). A vigorous and invaluable late summer flower­ing shrub. The fragrant star-shaped flowers are produced in August and September, followed by the most unusual bright blue berries, surrounded by maroon calyces. 8 x 7 ft.

CLIANTHUS ‘Puniceus’ (Lobster Claw).

CORDYLINE australis (Hardy Palm) (Ft. The hardy palms are becoming more popular in recent years. This particular specie is a feature of some south coast resorts. Can be used very effectively in the garden or as a specimen plant on the patio or planted in a container. The long strap-like leaves radiate from a central stem and give a pleasing tropical effect. With age it gradually produces a trunk and can reach up to 15 ft in height. – ‘Atropurpurea’. Similar to the above but the sword-like leaves are bronze-purple in colour.

CORNUS (Dogwoods)

An indispensable group of shrubs noted for their colourful bark, flowers or foliage. The varieties we offer fall conveniently into two categories – those grown for their foliage and winter bark, and those whose chief merit is in their flowers.

Foliage and winter bark varieties

This group are all extremely hardy and thrive practically anywhere. They will tolerate all types of soil, including those which get waterlogged. They are particularly useful when grouped as this shows off the fine bark in winter. Prune hard in spring to ground level.

alba ‘Elegantissima’. The bark is bright red and gives excellent winter colour, whilst the

bright variegated leaves, green and silver, look wonderful throughout the summer.

6 x 5 ft.

‘Sibirica’ (The Westonbirt Dogwood). The finest coloured stem form – sealing wax-red in

winter. 6 x 5 ft.

‘Spaethfi’. Similar to Elegantissima but the leaves variegated with gold. Good winter

stem colour. 6 x 5 ft.

controversa ‘Variegata’. A beautiful and rarely seen Dogwood. The horizontal tiered

branches are covered in green and cream variegated leaves. This plant is particularly

attractive when planted against a dark green background. Slow growing. 10 x 6 ft.

stolonifera ‘Flaviramea’. The yellow stems contrast with the above varieties in winter.

Green leaves turn yellow in autumn. 8 x 6 ft.

Varieties grown for their flowers

florida rubra. The ‘flowers’ or bracts are rosy-red in colour and produced during the

summer followed by brilliant autumn foliage. 8 x 6 ft.

‘Spring Song’. Deep rose-red bracts, a variety introduced from America. 10 x 6 ft.

kousa. A picturesque shrub or small tree with tiered branches along which the large star-shaped creamy-white bracts are produced in summer. Red, strawberry-like fruits are produced in favourable seasons. During the autumn the leaves turn bronze-red in colour. Prefers a lime free soil. 8 x 6 ft.

chinensis. Similar to the above but the flowers and leaves being somewhat larger. 8 x 6 ft.

mas (Cornelian Cherry). Rather spreading, open, large shrub or small tree producing in

February masses of small, yellow tufted flowers, followed by bright cherry-like fruits.

When grown well, can be a spectacular sight in the winter garden. 10 x 6 ft.

COROKIA cotoneaster (Wire Netting Bush). Tiny yellow flowers, followed by orange berries,

are produced on the fascinating shoots which zig-zag like wire netting. Hardy and easy.

4 x 3 ft.

‘Bronze Hybrid’ (E). A new introduction from New Zealand – more or less evergreen,

with leaves grey in spring, bronze in autumn and winter. Upright shoots and habit. It needs a warm spot. 4 x 3 ft.

CORONILLA glauca ‘Variegata’. Small, mounded shrub, attractively variegated grey-green and cream. The cluster of yellow, pea-like flowers are produced in April-June. A second flowering can be expected during the autumn and winter months. Quite often it ‘reverts’ and these green shoots should be removed, although the type plant is very attractive, and the green shoots can be left, if wished. Needs a warm, sunny position, preferably at the base of a south wall. 3 x 4 ft.

CORTADERIA (Pampas Grass). Beautiful silky plumes are produced during late summer. Often used for winter decoration. Needs plenty of room to develop, and the foliage can be burned off in the early spring. ‘Gold Band’. A New Zealand introduction with striking foliage of bright gold and green.

5 x 4 ft.

sellowiana ‘Pink’ (rosea). Large plumes of a somewhat questionable ‘pink’ colour. Interesting. 8ft.

‘Sunningdale Silver’. The best Pampas Grass with 6-8 ft white silky plumes.CORYLOPSIS. Acid loving plants producing their flowers in winter or early spring. Plant in

sheltered borders in a moisture retentive soil. pauciflora. The twiggy branches are covered with small, pale, sweetly scented flowers during March. 4 x 4 ft.

CORYLUS

Our native Hazel is useful for planting in groups, either in shade or full sun, in any soil conditions. Pruning is normally done in March to keep the plants tidy and shapely, and involves cutting out the older growth to stimulate the production of strong new branches.

avellana ‘Aurea’ (Go/den Nut). Lovely pale yellow leaves which contrast well with purple

foliage subject. 6 x 5 ft.

‘Contorta’. Often referred to as the Corkscrew Hazel or Harry Lauder’s Walking Stick, on

account of its curiously twisted and curled growth. Very effective in spring when the

branches are covered in catkins.

Useful for floral decoration. Slow growing. 6 x 4 ft.

maxima ‘Purpurea’ (Purple Hazel Nut). Very ornamental purple leaved foliage, with purple

catkins produced in spring. 7 x 5 ft.

COTINUS (Smoke Tree)

Formerly included under Rhus, these easily grown shrubs are noted for their foliage, flowers and autumn colour. During June and July the wispy pink tinged flowers are produced in profusion, giving the appearance of smoke, from which it gets its commom name.

coggygria ‘Atropurpureus’ (Rhus cotinus ‘Atropurpurea’) (Burning Bush). This is the pink flowered form of the Venetian Sumach. The round green leaves turn yellow in the autumn, but its great beauty lies in the billowing masses of pinkish-red blossoms which submerge the plant for most of the summer. 8 x 8 ft.

‘Flame’. Autumn colour brilliant orange-red. One of the best for colouring. 6 x 5 ft. – ‘Royal Purple’. This is the very best foliage shrub for the garden. The rich purple leaves

make a splendid background for almost all other colours, particularly pinks and light yellows. The purplish-red inflorescences are quite attractive, and the leaves turn a transparent wine-red in the autumn. Best if pruned back in April, unless a high background is required. 8 x 8 ft.

COTONEASTER

With the exception of the Berberis, this is the most versatile group of shrubs we have, since they thrive anywhere, are completely hardy, and have countless uses. The low growing varieties are admirable for ground cover. C. Hybridus pendulus is excellent as a specimen for the lawn; the tall varieties form evergreen windbreaks. All varieties have small white flowers in clusters in May/June, and red berries from September until eaten by the birds, which is usually after Christmas. These sprays of gleaming red berries are ideaWor home decoration.

conspicuus ‘Decorus’. An extremely good variety, suitable against a wall, or trained over the ground. Perhaps the best flowering variety, the flowers being so freely produced that it is quite smothered. Bright red berries and good autumn foliage. A.G.M. 2 x 5 ft, or up to 7 ft on a wall.

dammeri (El. Vigorous prostrate evergreen variety with long trailing branches. Red berries in autumn and winter. 6 ins x 6-8 ft.

‘Exburiensis’ (E). Similar to C. Rothschild/anus forming a large shrub with apricot-yellow berries. 8 x 6 ft.

‘Rothschildianus’ (E). A quick growing evergreen variety with yellow berries which last into the New Year. Willow-like leaves and green stems. 8 x 6 ft.

(This variety is very similar to Exburiensis which we also grow, and which is sometimes offered in its place.)

horizontalis. This is the well-known Herring Bone Cotoneaster that is so frequently seen against walls and fences, but is also useful for covering banks and in the rockery. The branches spread fan wise, and in addition to the berries, this variety has colourful autumn foliage. A.G.M. 2 x 8 ft.

‘Variegatus’. A beautiful lower growing form of the above with silvery leaves. 2 x 4 ft.‘Hybridus Pendulus’ (E). This and C. salicifolius floccosus are the only weeping evergreen

‘trees’ hardy in Britain (apart from some conifers). It is most effective when grown on a stem in standard form. The weeping branches are clothed with red berries in autumn, and white flowers in spring and so it is ideal as a lawn specimen, in the shrub border, on a bank, or over a wall. Its ultimate height will depend on the height at which it is first allowed to weep.

microphyllus (E). Dwarf evergreen shrub with scarlet berries in autumn. Very hardy. 2 x 5-6 ft.

salicifolius ‘Autumn Fire’ (E). Vigorous pendulous habit. Covered with orange berries in autumn. Sun or semi-shade position. 3 1/2 x 5V2 ft.

floccosus (E). Pendulous habit, dark green leaves and scarlet berries, sometimes

retained throughout the winter. 8-10 x 5 ft.

‘Repens’. A low growing to prostrate variety with narrow willow-like leaves and red

berries. x watereri (E). A vigorous variety producing a large shrub which berries profusely in the

autumn. Also makes an attractive small tree. 10 x 8 ft.

Cotoneaster salicifolius

CRINODEIMDRON hookerianum (Lantern Tree) (E). Brilliant crimson

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