SOFT FRUITS and CULINARY ROOTS

Anyone who has a garden will want to grow at least some soft fruits for use in the house. They occupy a minimum of space, and reward you with a maximum of delicious health-giving fruit. They are all very easy to grow,

The varieties offered below represent a selection of the best being grown today.

BLACKBERRIES, LOGANBERRIES and other HYBRID BERRIES

Plant along fences at 1 2-15 ft apart. Prune after fruiting, removing old fruiting wood, and tying in new shoots. They all grow anywhere, but quality fruit will not be produced in heavy shade. Plants are all grown in containers, and available all year.

BLACKBERRIES

HIMALAYAN GIANT. Fine big berries of excellent flavour. A vigorous grower, needing plenty

of room to develop. The most popular variety. THORNLESS. Very large fruit up to 1 in. in diameter. Less prolific in growth and bearing but

much easier to prune and pick. PARSLEY LEAVED. A thornless variety with ‘parsley shaped’ leaves and large fruit. Not as

prolific as some.

BOYSENBERRY

Large dark red to black fruit; sharp, but of distinct flavour. Reaches about 8 ft.

LOGANBERRY

LY59. Large purple-red fruit, with a pleasant though acid flavour. A heavy cropping fruit, which

is first rate for cooking and preserving. THORNLESS. Similar to the above in its fruit, but smooth stemmed and easier to handle. Less

vigorous.

TAYBERRY

A new hybrid berry the result of a cross between a blackberry and raspberry. The fruits are large, deep purple when ripe with an excellent flavour. An excellent fruit for preserving and deep freezing. Pruning: similar to blackberries and loganberries, cutting out the fruiting canes immediately after fruiting and tying in the new canes. Strong container grown plants supplied.

WINEBERRY (Japanese)

Probably one of the most decorative berries to grow. The long canes up to 9 ft in length are covered in conspicuous bright red hairs, while the undersides of the leaves are silvery. The fruit is not large but is a distinctive deep golden-yellow overlaid red, ripening in October it possesses a unique flavour. Use fresh for preserving or deep freezing.

BLACKCURRANTS

All bushes should be cut down to nearly ground level during the first March after planting. (If planted in March, cut down immediately after planting.) During subsequent years, prune after picking by removing old branches, leaving well-placed young shoots for the next year. Blackcurrants respond to generous feeding, and the soil should be enriched by a liberal application of manure before planting, followed by an annual top dressing of a nitrogenous fertiliser. Blackcurrants are available all year round from the Garden Centres.

BALDWIN’S BLACK (Hilltop Strain). A selected form of Baldwin’s Black, an excellent variety

and widely grown. Probably the best sort for general culture in the western half of the

country. Late. BEN LOMOND. Vigorous variety of recent introduction. Late flowering, usually 2-3 weeks after

Baldwin’s, but fruiting at the same time. Excellent variety where late spring frosts can be

a problem. Resistance to mildew. Mid-season. BEN NEVIS. Strong growing, spreading variety. Late flowering thus avoiding damage by late

spring frosts. Good cropper. Appears to resist mildew. Mid-season.

GOOSEBERRIES

One of the easiest fruits to grow and valuable both for bottling and dessert. Prune in winter by cutting back leading shoots to about 6 ins from previous year’s growth. Other shoots should be cut back to about 1 in. Gooseberries need plenty of potash to give the best results – so make sure that any fertilizer applied has a high potash content. Gooseberries are available all the year round from the Garden Centres However, stocks of Leveller are rather limited. Other varieties are often available.

CARELESS. A large, smooth-skinned gooseberry turning creamy-white when ripe. An excellent

variety, with sturdy upright habit of growth and very free cropping. The most widely

known variety and good in every way. Early. LEVELLER. Large, smooth and oval-shaped. Another excellent variety, which produces big

crops of fine berries, of good flavour. Mid-season. WHINHAMS INDUSTRY. Large dark red fruit with a very sweet flavour when ripe. Heavy

cropper. Fruit can be picked green for preserving. Strong grower.

RASPBERRIES

Raspberries require a rich well cultivated soil and should have plenty of farmyard manure dug m before planting. If this is not available, well rotted compost, supplemented by a good fertilizer should be used. They are surface rooting and should never be cultivated deeply after planting or the roots will be damaged. The canes should be cut back to 1 2 ins from the ground after planting. When established, remove the old fruiting canes at the base, and tie in the young canes after picking. Raspberry canes are available from late October until late March.

GLEN CLOVA. Early to mid-season. Scottish variety. Heavy cropper, especially good for

freezing. HERITAGE. Autumn (if pruned hard in spring). Best flavour of all autumn fruiting varieties.

Sturdy and vigorous caries. MALLING DELIGHT. Mid-season. Heavy cropper and very large globular fruit of excellent

flavour. Recommended by commercial growers. MALLING JEWEL. Early to mid-season Large conical fruit of good flavour, vigorous and heavy

cropping. A variety we recommend. MALLING PROMISE. Early A very vigorous variety, firmly established in public favour.

Excellent variety for preserving and freezing. SEPTEMBER. Fruits from September until late October. The large red fruits are of good flavour.

A good variety for extending the season. For it to fruit in autumn all canes must be

pruned to ground level during the winter or early spring.

REDCURRANTS

These like well-drained soil, and appreciate manure. They are grown on a single stem. Prune as for gooseberries. Redcurrants are available all the year round.

JONKHEER VAN TETS. Very early cropper producing trusses of large fruit. Good flavour. RED LAKE. Mid-season. Heavy crops of red fruits. A reliable variety in every way. WOODSHOOT RUBY. Early Large berries of excellent flavour. A consistent cropper, and it seems to be very disease resistant. Highly recommended.

STRAWBERRIES

Strawberries need similar soil preparation to raspberries and benefit by an annual top dressing of good fertilizer. Plant 15 ins between the plants and 2 ft between the rows. Botrytis (the grey mould appearing on the ripe fruit) is a fungal disease and can be controlled with Captan. Strawberry beds last for 3-4 years, and then a new site should be prepared. Certified runners in September-October. Late March-April. Pot grown plants available May-March.

CAMBRIDGE FAVOURITE. A good flavoured and heavy cropping variety over a long period.

A fool-proof variety. Mid-season. CAMBRIDGE VIGOUR. A strong growing variety that is resistant to mildew. Fruit is glossy,

deep red and of good flavour. Crops well. Second early. GORELLA. Excellent variety. Large attractive fruit with good flavour. Early. OSTARA. Proving to be a popular variety for autumn fruiting, produces large quality fruit of

good flavour. Season July to October. RED GAUNTLET. A good all round mid-season variety. The large red fruits held well above the

ground are of good flavour. ROYAL SOVEREIGN. The best flavoured of all strawberries. The fruit is brilliant red, wedge

shaped, juicy and of excellent quality. Not over vigorous but requires a good rich light

soil to give of its best. TAMELLA. Quality fruit of good colour and flavour produced in the first year. In second and

third year it gives a very high yield of smaller fruit over a long period. TOTEM. We consider Totem has a very good future, especially for home freezing. Totem

came out top in the 1979 canning and freezing tests, it freezes well and remains firm.

Good yield of colourful and tasty fruit.

We normally supply runners that have been certified free of virus and disease. However, these plants will gradually be infected over 3 or 4 years, which is why strawberry beds should be replaced regularly, and fresh runners bought – not taken off existing plants.

WHITE CURRANTS

Cultural and pruning requirements as for redcurrants. Plants available all year. WHITE VERSAILLES. Medium sized currants very freely produced.

CULINARY ROOTS

ASPARAGUS: One of the most delicious vegetables, and easier to grow than generally

imagined.

Connovers Colossal. 2 year crowns available in April. RHUBARB. Prince Albert. Plant 2 1/2ft each way. Excellent for forcing as well as normal use.

Plants available all year, but best time to plant is February-early March.

Timperley Early. A popular and well tried variety. An excellent variety for forcing. ARTICHOKES. Jerusalem. Tubers available on the Garden Centres in early spring.

Globe. We offer the Vert de Laon strain which gives a good crop of excellent quality

heads. Available in late April till June or July.

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