This term denotes surface soil that is crumbly, having been broken down into fine particles and therefore ready for sowing or planting. A good tilth is particularly important for seed beds, since in its absence germination will be poor, the seeds possibly rotting away. Hoeing, digging or raking all help to ensure a proper tilth, also the addition of compost, peat etc. On heavy land basic slag helps, also winter digging which exposes the ground to the beneficial action of frost which assists in breaking down lumps of soil.

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