Turk’s Cap (Martagon) Lily hybrids

This group comprises the hybrids of the genuine Martagon lilies – L. martagon and its varieties album and cattaniae, the Korean yellow Turk’s Cap L. hansonii, and orange-flowcred L. medeoloidcs of Japanese origin. The rich colour spectrum of the Martagon hybrids is due to the introduction of the yellow flower colour of L. hansonii and the pink to lilac and dark wine-red shades of L. martagon and L. martagon var. cattaniae, as well as the white of var. album. C. Baden-Powell, of Southborough, England, produced the first hybrid of this group and named it L. x dalhansonii, a racemose plant with reddish, chestnut-brown flowers and orange centres. The first syllable of the name dalhansonii was taken from L. martagon var. dalmaticum – a synonym for L. martagon var. cattaniae.

L. martagon var. album was the mother plant of Van Tubergcn’s thick-fleshcd, mostly orange or yellow-tinted Marhan hybrids, which followed in 1886. The Backhouse hybrids, bred by the family R. O. Backhouse, are similarly coloured. (61)

More recent is E. L. Kline’s introduction of the Painted Lady hybrids -Turk’s Cap lilies ranging from oxblood-red to orange, chrome and lemon-yellow to pearl-white, with glossy red, dark-red, brown and lilac markings and spots. Jan de Graaff’s Paisley strain (36) is similar. Dr Norma PfeifFer developed the vigorous Terrace City hybrids, a long-living strain if grown under suitable conditions. L. martagon has also been crossed with L. medeoloides (L. x Manned) and with L. kelloggii (Kelmarsh).

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