Wild Lily: L. clattriciini Kcr-Gawler 1809 (L. pensylvanicuni Ker-Gawler 1805)

Ranges widely throughout north-eastern Asia, Altai, Mongolia, Amur region, northern Manchuria, northern Korea, Sakhalin and Kamehatka (Japan). It is called after the old names for Siberia, I.e., Davuria, Dahuria or Dauria.

The globose bulb, 1 ½ —3 inches in diameter with jointed scales, is white and produces long stolons before emerging from the ground. The June-

flowering blooms, one to six in number, chalice-shaped, orange to scarlet-coloured, and heavily spotted, are borne in an umbel on the stem, 1 foot-2 feet 6 inches high and usually ribbed. It is clothed with scattered lanceolate, erect, dark-green leaves with the upper half, like the flower buds, very cobwebby. Saliwski reports the presence of 12-15 flowered, giant plants (6 feet tall) in Khabarovsk, Russia. Very hardy, likes rich, damp, lime-free soils.

Varieties: only alpinum, 4-8 inches high, and the bright-yellow, black-spotted luteiim. Also var. citrinuni (Makino) in Japan (Shimizu).

Breeders have used L. dauriann a great deal. Isabella Preston (Canada) used it for her famous Stenographer and Fighter hybrids, and Jan de Graaff for his Midcentury hybrids; Dr F. Skinner crossed it with L. philadelphiciuii. According to Moto’o Shimizu, the hybrid L. x clegans is the result of crosses with L. innculatuin made by Japanese gardeners as long as 200 years ago. (NALS-LYB 1960)

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