Wild Lily: L. medeoloides A. Gray 1859

The Japanese call this variety Kuruma-Yuri (Wheel Lily); it is distributed northwards from the main Honshu Islands to Sakhalin and Kurilc

Islands to Kamehatka. It is also found on Quelpart Island off southern Korea, in Chekiang, a Chinese cast coast province, and in Russia on the lower Amur and on the coast near Vladivostok.

Like L. martagon, it carries its leaves in whorls (wheel-shaped), and also resembles it and L. distichum in shape and bearing. Grows on volcanic soils at heights of 650-8,000 feet, but prefers the half-shade provided by trees if growing at low altitudes.

Snow-white bulb with jointed scales; green stem 10 inches tall at high elevations and up to 2 feet 3 inches at lower levels; four to 10 broad, lanceolate leaves in each of four whorls; small, nodding, recurved, orange to apricot, black-spotted flowers 1 ½ inches in diameter which bloom during July/August.

There are several varieties in existence, some without speckles. Cultivation seems to be somewhat difficult; a gravel base 4 inches deep below leaf-mould, provision of winter cover, and semi-shade are recommended. (NALS-LYB 1952, Moto’o Shimizu)

The following hybrids are known: Manned from England (L. martagon var. cattaniae x L. medeoloides), and Redman from Canada (L. hansonii x L. medeoloides).

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