Wild Lily: L. niichauxii Poirct 1813 (L. cawlinianum Michaux)

Occurs at elevations up to 2,500 feet on well-drained, dry ground in south-eastern North America, southern Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida.

Stoloniferous bulb, stem 1-3 feet long, broad lanceolate leaves with waved margins arranged in whorls. Umbellar inflorescence, one to five strongly scented, nodding, shiny orange-red, yellowish-white throated flowers. A stem-rooter which requires planting 4 ½ inches deep in lime-free, sandy, peat soils. Does not appear to be winter-hardy in Europe.

Professor Showaltcr, of Harrisonburg, Pennsylvania, has numerous crosses from L. niichauxii, as with L. canadense and L. harrisianuni. The hybrid L. x harrichauxii can be crossed with L. niichauxii, L. harrisianum, and L. superbum. (NALS-LYB 1961)

L. michiganense Farwell 1915

Closely related to L. canadense and distributed in North America around the Michigan lakes and to a point where the Mississippi and Ohio rivers join at the Kentucky border.

Like L. canadensc, it has a stoloniferous bulb; other features are a stem 2-5 feet tall with elliptic leaves set in whorls, one to eight red-orange flowers on long, upright pedicels, pendulous, richly spotted red-brown and of the graceful Turk’s Cap type, although with more recurved segments than those of L. canadense. Reddish-yellow pollen; flowers during June/July; flourishes in loam soils (pH 8-5), and is usually found in meadows; likes full sun. Germinates slowly. Crosses with L. canadense and L. michauxii.

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